Learn More
The frequency of fracture damage in mouse blastocysts was examined by repeated cycles of vitrification and warming. Mouse blastocysts suspended in a solution of ethylene glycol, Ficoll, and sucrose in a straw were plunged into liquid nitrogen either directly (rapidly) or after holding them in liquid nitrogen vapor for 3 min or more (moderately). Vitrified(More)
Experiments were conducted to find optimal conditions for obtaining high survival of expanded mouse blastocysts after vitrification. The vitrification solutions used were designated EFS20, EFS30 and EFS40, and contained 20%, 30% and 40% ethylene glycol, respectively, diluted in PB1 medium containing 30% Ficoll plus 0.5 mol sucrose l-1. In the toxicity test(More)
Mouse oocytes and embryos at various developmental stages were exposed directly to an ethylene glycol-based vitrification solution (EFS) for 2 or 5 minutes at 20 degrees C. They were then vitrified at -196 degrees C and were warmed rapidly. At the germinal vesicle stage, the proportion of morphologically normal oocytes was 36 to 39% if they had cumulus(More)
This study is to assess the difference between IV-G and IV-S in a large cohort of Chinese patients with lupus nephritis. The detailed data of patients with subclass IV-G and IV-S were retrospectively analyzed. Serum ANCA and anti-C1q antibodies were detected. A total of 172 cases were classified as class IV, including 152 cases with IV-G and 20 cases with(More)
Rabbit morulae were exposed to a vitrification solution-modified PBS [PB1] medium containing 40% ethylene glycol + 18% Ficoll + 0.3 M sucrose (EFS) for 2, 5, or 10 min at 20 degrees C and were vitrified in liquid nitrogen. When morulae were rapidly warmed, 96% had an intact zona pellucida. When embryos were cultured after removal of the mucin coat, high(More)
Although cryopreservation of bovine embryo has made great progress in recent years, little achievement was obtained in ovine embryo freezing, especially in vitro produced embryos. However, a simple and efficient method for cryopreservation of sheep embryos will be important for application of ovine embryonic techniques such as in vitro fertilization,(More)
To examine the sensitivity of mammalian oocytes and embryos to osmotic swelling, which can occur during the removal of cryoprotectant from cryopreserved cells, the effect of hypotonic stress on the survival of fresh and vitrified mouse oocytes/embryos at various stages was examined. Oocytes and embryos were suspended in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) media(More)
This experiment was carried out to study a simple and efficient method for in vitro production of rabbit embryos. Newly ejaculated rabbit spermatozoa were used to fertilize superovulated oocytes after capacitation in vitro with four different media: (A) isotonic defined medium (DM)+heparin, (B) DM only,(C) DM+ high ionic strength defined medium (HIS), and(More)
The rapid growth in sika deer (Cervus nippon) farming and interest in their conservation is an impetus for development of embryo transfer (ET) procedures. However, a paucity of research has prevented widespread application of ET in this species. The objective of the present study was to establish a multiple ovulation and ET procedure with both fresh and(More)
BACKGROUND Antioxidants protect spermatozoa against cell damage during cryopreservation. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether melatonin supplement in the extender may improve the quality of cryopreserved mouse sperm. METHODS Kunming mice sperm frozen in extender R18S3 (18% (w/v) raffinose and 3% (w/v) skim milk) supplemented with melatonin were thawed and(More)