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Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants that are used as sedatives, hypnotics, anesthetics and anticonvulsants. However, prolonged use of the drugs produces physical dependence, and the drugs have a high abuse liability. The gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor is one of barbiturates' main sites of action, and therefore it is thought to(More)
Tolerance to and withdrawal from pentobarbital were induced in rats by continuous intracerebroventricular infusion via subcutaneously implanted osmotic minipumps. In situ hybridization of GABAA receptor alpha 1- and beta 3-subunit mRNA was conducted using synthetic 3'-end 35S-dATP-labeled oligodeoxynucleotide probes. Results were quantified by film(More)
In order to study the chronic effects of pentobarbital, a positive GABAA receptor modulator, on the inverse agonist binding of the benzodiazepine site, binding of [3H]Ro15-4513 and levels of GABAA receptor alpha 6-subunit mRNA were investigated in the brains of pentobarbital-tolerant/dependent animals, using receptor autoradiography and in situ(More)
The heterogeneity of the GABAA receptors has been confirmed structurally and functionally. The present study demonstrates the pharmacological heterogeneity of the GABAA receptors. Rats were rendered tolerant to pentobarbital by continuous intracerebroventricular infusion via osmotic minipumps and abruptly withdrawn from pentobarbital. In situ hybridization(More)
BACKGROUND Poly adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP) is essential in cellular processing of DNA damage via the base excision repair pathway (BER). The PARP inhibition can be directly cytotoxic to tumour cells and augments the anti-tumour effects of DNA-damaging agents. This study evaluated the optimally tolerated dose of olaparib(More)
A new technique of image acquisition for quantitative receptor autoradiography and in situ hybridization histochemistry was developed using storage phosphor screen imaging. This method was at least 4-5 times faster than conventional film densitometry. Two of the advantages of the phosphor screen method are high sensitivity and wide linear range of response.(More)
The effects of continuous administration of pentobarbital on the benzodiazepine receptor labeled by [3H]flunitrazepam were investigated. Animals were made tolerant to pentobarbital by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion with pentobarbital (300 micrograms/10 microliters/h) for 6 days through pre-implanted canulae connected to osmotic mini-pumps. The(More)
We examined changes in benzodiazepine binding sites labeled by [3H]flunitrazepam in five nuclei of the thalamus, the central medial, central lateral, intermediodorsal, ventroposterior, and laterodorsal nuclei, in rats made tolerant to and dependent on pentobarbital. Animals were made tolerant by intracerebroventricular infusion with pentobarbital (300(More)
These studies were designed to examine the effect of chronic administration of pentobarbital on activity of adenylate cyclase (AC) and protein kinase C (PKC) in the rat brain by autoradiography. Recently, it has been suggested that the phosphorylation of specific proteins may be involved in the development of physical dependence. An experimental model of(More)
Changes in benzodiazepine binding sites labeled by [3H]flunitrazepan (FNZ) in twenty discrete brain regions of rats made tolerant to and dependent upon pentobarbital were examined. Animals were rendered tolerant by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) infusion with pentobarbital (300 micrograms/ 10 microliters/ hr for six days) through pre-implanted cannulae(More)
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