S E Maddison

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An echinococcus antigen with an apparent molecular weight of 8 kDa was identified as diagnostically important. An immunoblot assay using this antigen was 91% sensitive for surgically confirmed Echinococcus granulosus hydatid disease of the liver. Specificity was 100% for echinococcosis. Marked cross-reactivity was observed with serum specimens from patients(More)
A sensitive and specific immunoblot assay was used to rapidly and accurately diagnose paragonimiasis. The immunoreactivity of a complex Paragonimus westermani Chaffee antigen was evaluated by SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis. Initial probing with pooled human serum from proven Paragonimus infections revealed many bands, including a significant antibody(More)
A systematic and quantitative search was conducted to identify and isolate a serologically pertinent antigen with high specific activity and low cross-reactivity from adult worms of Schistosoma mansoni. Adult worms of S. mansoni quickly thawed from liquid N2 temperatures were disrupted by controlled homogenization in isotonic buffered sucrose. Differential(More)
We describe a single-cuvette enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on enzymic rate kinetics. This kinetic assay can yield linear quantitative data on immunoglobin concentrations. Optimum assay conditions, component concentrations, reaction intervals, and pH are described. Assay linearity and sensitivity are demonstrated in systems involving(More)
Analysis of human serum reactivities to the Schistosoma mansoni adult microsomal antigens (MAMA) showed that S. japonicum and S. haematobium infection sera, as a rule, did not react as well to MAMA as did the homologous S. mansoni infection sera. The degree of species specificity, although not absolute, was quite pronounced. Purification of the(More)
In this review on serodiagnosis of parasitic diseases, antibody detection, antigen detection, use of monoclonal antibodies in parasitic serodiagnosis, molecular biological technology, and skin tests are discussed. The focus at the Centers for Disease Control on developing improved antigens, a truly quantitative FAST-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and(More)
A standardized microtest plate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed using the microsomal fraction of adult worms of Schistosoma mansoni (MAMA) as antigen. The standard reference serum pool was prepared from acutely and chronically infected rhesus monkeys and was shown to be appropriate as a standard for measuring the levels of reactivity of the(More)