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Analysis of human serum reactivities to the Schistosoma mansoni adult microsomal antigens (MAMA) showed that S. japonicum and S. haematobium infection sera, as a rule, did not react as well to MAMA as did the homologous S. mansoni infection sera. The degree of species specificity, although not absolute, was quite pronounced. Purification of the(More)
A systematic and quantitative search was conducted to identify and isolate a serologically pertinent antigen with high specific activity and low cross-reactivity from adult worms of Schistosoma mansoni. Adult worms of S. mansoni quickly thawed from liquid N2 temperatures were disrupted by controlled homogenization in isotonic buffered sucrose. Differential(More)
The purified Schistosoma mansoni adult microsomal antigen, MAMA, was used in the quantitative single-tube kinetic dependent enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (k-ELISA) to measure antibody levels of various human patient sera. The 511 serum specimens tested were from patients with both homologous and heterologous infections. Sera from U.S., Egyptian,(More)
  • S E Maddison
  • 1987
The literature of the past 4-5 yr on serodiagnosis and seroepidemiology of schistosomiasis is reviewed. A variety of assays with different antigens are being used for serodiagnosis. Several purified antigens appear to be sensitive and specific, but have little if any capability of indicating duration of infection, parasite burden, or effect of chemotherapy.(More)
An echinococcus antigen with an apparent molecular weight of 8 kDa was identified as diagnostically important. An immunoblot assay using this antigen was 91% sensitive for surgically confirmed Echinococcus granulosus hydatid disease of the liver. Specificity was 100% for echinococcosis. Marked cross-reactivity was observed with serum specimens from patients(More)
Many previous studies of normative values in adults have suggested that race, age, sex, and environment all have significant effects on the mean values for IgG, IgA, IgM, and IgE in various groups of individuals. Single radial immunodiffusion is the technique most widely used to quantitate immunoglobulins of the three major classes (IgG, IgM, and IgA) in(More)