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A new theoretical five-compartmental model (5CM) was developed for analysis of the clearance of heat-damaged erythroctes (HDE) labelled with chromium 51. Besides the HDE-spleen interaction, this new model also takes into account the interaction between extrasplenic reticuloendothelial (RES) sites and HDE, i.e. the hepatic clearance of fragmented(More)
The activity of the remaining reticuloendothelial system (RES) and the function of the splenic remnants was estimated in 5 thalassemic patients who had undergone successful partial splenic embolization (PSE) 6 yr previously. The kinetics of 125I-heat-denatured human albumin as well as that of 51Cr-heat-damaged homologous red blood cells were applied for(More)
The weighted least squares analysis ( WLS ) was compared with the commonly used least squares analysis in the fitting of radioactivity data to an exponential equation. The results show that the two methods present the same accuracy in estimating the parameters of exponential functions, while the WLS analysis offers a much higher reliability, permitting a(More)
The parameters of 51Cr labelled red cell survival curves were calculated in 33 patients with homozygous beta-thalassaemia, 8 with sickle-cell anaemia and 3 with s -- beta-thalassaemia, using a non-linear weighted least squares analysis computer program. In thalassaemic children the calculated parameters denote that the shortening of the mean cell life is(More)
The kinetics of heat-damaged homologous red blood cells (HDE) was studied prior to and 7-10 d following blood transfusion in 14 patients with homozygous beta-thalassemia. On the basis of our results, beta-thalassemic patients were classified into two distinct groups. In the first group the pretransfusion HDE extraction efficiency of the spleen was(More)
Omphalocele is a disease of neonatal age and its present management is successful in almost all specialized centers of Pediatric Surgery. A case of an 8-year-old girl who was managed with conservative treatment during her neonatal period with mercurochrome (Grob method) is presented. Due to very serious congenital cardiopathy, a corrective operative(More)
Denatured radioiodinated human serum albumin (DHA) clearance studies at a dose of 1 mg/kg body wt., were carried out in 16 thalassemic children, prior to and 7-10 days following blood transfusion, to investigate changes of the effective RES blood flow which might accompany the posttransfusion spleen size diminution. A statistically significant increase (P(More)
The activity of reticuloendothelial system (RES) was estimated in 19 patients with beta-thalassemia major, 20 +/- 4 years old, who had undergone successful splenectomy 6 +/- 5 years previously. The kinetics of 125I denatured human serum albumin in low and large doses was applied for this purpose and the parameters derived (effective RES blood flow-ERBF- and(More)
The effect of blood transfusion on 51Cr-red blood cells surface-counting patterns was studied in 22 patients with homozygous beta-thalassaemia being transfused during erythrocyte survival study. Surface-counting patterns of 15 thalassaemics who had not been submitted to blood transfusion during the erythrocyte survival study were served as controls. In 17(More)