S Doraisingham

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To evaluate the seasonal trends of viral respiratory tract infections in a tropical environment, a retrospective survey of laboratory virus isolation, serology and immunofluorescence microscopy in two large general hospitals in Singapore between September 1990 and September 1994 was carried out. Respiratory tract viral outbreaks, particularly among infants(More)
To determine whether or not occupational exposure to sewage is associated with a higher seroprevalence of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection, 600 sewage workers in Singapore were tested for total (IgG and IgM) antibody to HAV by enzyme immunoassay. Using logistic regression with stepwise procedure, the adjusted seroprevalence of sewage workers was 2.2 times(More)
Prospective laboratory surveillance of influenza viruses has been carried out since 1973 in Singapore. The results indicate that antigenic shift variants caused epidemics at various times of the year over this period, whereas drift variants were associated with a regular increase in incidence during the second and fourth calendar quarters. Outbreaks due to(More)
Three cases of overt congenital cytomegalovirus infection, each with a different mode of presentation, are documented. Common features of presentation were hepatosplenomegaly, skin petechiae, neonatal jaundice and gross hepatic dysfunction. One infant presented with hydrops fetalis, a feature not described before. Two infants survived and are at present(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a leading cause of hospitalization of children in Southeast Asia and regarded mainly as a problem of childhood. In Singapore, however, both dengue fever (DF) and DHF now occur most frequently in those aged 16-25 years and case fatality rates are higher among adults than children. OBJECTIVE To describe adults(More)
The incidence of measles in Singapore has declined with the introduction of measles vaccination in 1976. However, a progressive increase in notified measles cases has occurred since 1990. To characterise the current profile of hospitalised patients with measles, particularly their measles immunity status, we analysed 46 cases over a period of 3 months. The(More)
The clinical, epidemiological and virological findings of the 1980 epidemic of acute conjunctivitis were described. Enterovirus 70 was isolated from 7 (35%) of 20 eye swabs submitted for virus isolation, and the paired sera of eight patients showed a four-fold or greater rise in neutralising antibody titre to Enterovirus 70. The disease mainly affected(More)
The incidence of chickenpox in Singapore has been increasing since 1984. A seroepidemiological survey was conducted in 1989-90 to determine the prevalence of varicella-zoster virus-specific IgG antibody in the healthy population in Singapore aged from 6 months to over 45 years. Overall, 42.8% of 500 samples assayed qualitatively by the ELISA method were(More)
The incidence of varicella in Singapore has been increasing since 1984. In 1991, 17,930 cases were reported in a population of about 3 million. A serological survey completed in 1990 demonstrated that only 43% of the cohort had antibodies to varicella-zoster virus (VZV), indicating inadequate herd immunity. To exclude novel VZV strains, representative VZV(More)