S. Dhanalakshmi

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Silymarin, a defined mixture of natural flavonoid, has recently been shown to have potent cancer chemopreventive efficacy against colon carcinogenesis in rat model; however, the mechanism of such efficacy is not elucidated. Here, using pure active agent in silymarin, namely silibinin, we show its antiproliferative and apoptotic effects, and associated(More)
Recently, we observed that suppression of tumor xenograft growth by silibinin was associated with reduction in tumor vasculature and an increased apoptosis. Here, we provide evidence for molecular events associated with antiangiogenic efficacy of pharmacologically achievable doses of silibinin in endothelial cell culture system. Our data show that silibinin(More)
We have reported recently the anticancer effect of flavonoid antioxidant silymarin, the major part of milk thistle extract, against advanced human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells (X. Zi et al., Cancer Res., 58: 1920-1929, 1998) and later identified that silibinin is the main active component in silymarin responsible for its effect in cell culture studies. On(More)
The multistep nature of cancer development provides a rationale for cancer prevention. Activation of oncogenes, inactivation of tumor suppressor genes and modulation of mitogenic signal transduction pathways are critical in cancer progression and present attractive targets for cancer prevention/intervention. In this respect, cell cycle regulation and its(More)
Dietary intake of many fruits and vegetables has been shown to be associated with reduced risk of cancer. We investigated the in vivo efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE, patented as Traconol) against prostate cancer (PCA) and associated molecular events. Athymic nude mice were implanted with hormone-refractory human prostate carcinoma DU145 cells and fed(More)
Here, we assessed the protective effect of silibinin on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in SKH-1 hairless mice. Topical application of silibinin before or immediately after UVB exposure or its dietary feeding resulted in a strong protection against photocarcinogenesis, in terms of tumor multiplicity (60-66%; P < 0.001), tumor volume per mouse (93-97%; P <(More)
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) accounts for >1 million new cases each year in the US alone suggesting that more approaches are needed for its prevention and control. Earlier studies by us have shown that silymarin (a crude form of biologically active silibinin with some other isomers), isolated from milk thistle, affords strong protection against(More)
UVB radiation is the major etiologic factor in the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer. In addition to tumor-initiating effect, UVB also causes tumor promotion via mitogenic and survival signaling. Studies have shown strong preventive effects of silibinin against both UVB-induced and chemically induced tumor promotion in mouse skin models; however,(More)
Prostate cancer (PCA) is one of the most common invasive malignancies of men in the US, however, there have been limited successes so far in its therapy. Even most potent agents (e.g. TNFalpha) are ineffective in killing human PCA cells possibly due to constitutive activation of NF-kappaB that subsequently activates a large number of anti-apoptotic genes.(More)
The acute and cumulative dose-related toxicity and drug resistance, mediated via nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB), of anthracycline anticancer drugs pose a major problem in cancer chemotherapy. Here, we report that oral silibinin (a flavanone) suppresses human non-small-cell lung carcinoma A549 xenograft growth (P = 0.003) and enhances the therapeutic(More)