S. Debernard

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Affinity chromatographic methods were developed for the one-step purification to homogeneity of recombinant soluble epoxide hydrolases (sEHs) from cress and potato. The enzymes are monomeric, with masses of 36 and 39 kDa and pI values of 4.5 and 5.0, respectively. In spite of a large difference in sequence, the two plant enzymes have properties of(More)
The cDNA of the microsomal Juvenile Hormone Epoxide Hydrolase (JHEH) from Manduca sexta was expressed in vitro in the baculovirus system. In insect cell culture, the recombinant enzyme (Ms-JHEH) was produced at a high level (100 fold over background EH catalytic activity). As expected, Ms-JHEH was localized in the microsomal fraction with a molecular mass(More)
BACKGROUND Carboxyl/cholinesterases (CCEs) are highly diversified in insects. These enzymes have a broad range of proposed functions, in neuro/developmental processes, dietary detoxification, insecticide resistance or hormone/pheromone degradation. As few functional data are available on purified or recombinant CCEs, the physiological role of most of these(More)
Fluvastatin (Sandoz Compound XU 62-320), a synthetic HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, was assayed in vitro and in vivo for its ability to suppress juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthesis by corpora allata of Locusta migratoria migratorioides. Fluvastatin inhibited JH biosynthesis by corpora allata in vitro. Exogenous mevalonic acid lactone restored JH biosynthesis(More)
The molecular characterization of post-receptor actors involved in insect olfactory transduction has yet to be understood. We have investigated the presence of a Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channel in the peripheral olfactory system of the moth Spodoptera littoralis. A cDNA encoding a Lepidopteran TRP channel (TRPgamma) was identified by analysis of(More)
In the aim of the characterization of the molecular actors of insect olfactory transduction, we have cloned the full cDNA encoding a Spodoptera littoralis diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) named SlDGK. In male adults, SlDGK transcript was detected predominantly in the brain and in the olfactory sensilla trichodea located on the antennae. SlDGK expression was(More)
Recent studies have suggested that pheromone-degrading enzymes belonging to the carboxylesterase family could play a role in the dynamics of the olfactory response to acetate sex pheromones in insects. Bioinformatic analyses of a male antennal expressed sequence tag library allowed the identification of 19 putative esterase genes expressed in the antennae(More)
BACKGROUND Odorant-Degrading Enzymes (ODEs) are supposed to be involved in the signal inactivation step within the olfactory sensilla of insects by quickly removing odorant molecules from the vicinity of the olfactory receptors. Only three ODEs have been both identified at the molecular level and functionally characterized: two were specialized in the(More)
We have investigated the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the control of insect cell cycle by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) using the IAL-PID2 cell line established from imaginal wing discs of Plodia interpunctella. We first defined conditions for use of hydroxyurea, a reversible inhibitor of DNA synthesis, in order to synchronize the IAL-PID2 cells(More)
The IAL-PID2 cells derived from imaginal wing discs of the last larval instar of Plodia interpunctella were responsive to 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). These imaginal cells respond to 20E by proliferative arrest followed by a morphological differentiation. These 20E-induced late responses were inhibited in presence of juvenile hormone (JH II). From these(More)