S. D. Turnbull

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Many seal vocalizations consist of frequency swept tones. The signal detection thresholds of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) and of human listeners were measured using ascending and descending frequency swept tones at 1/3- and 1-oct bandwidths. The swept tones increased or decreased exponentially and traversed the same frequency range. The sweeps were(More)
Threshold changes associated with separating a signal source and a masking white noise source from 0 degree to 90 degrees were determined for 0.5, 1 and 8 kHz pure tones and click trains. No changes occurred for the 0.5 and 1 kHz pure tones. Masked thresholds of 8 kHz pure tones and click trains decreased linearly by 9 and 13 dB respectively as angular(More)
 help the Government better understand how the state of the natural environment affects the performance of the economy and individual wellbeing in England; and  advise the Government on how to ensure England " s " natural wealth " is managed efficiently and sustainably, thereby unlocking opportunities for sustained prosperity and wellbeing. The Committee(More)
The effects of signal onset/offset envelope on the underwater hearing thresholds of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) were measured. Pure-tone, 540-ms pulses at 2, 4, 8, and 16 kHz were presented as test signals. An ANOVA revealed that there were no significant differences between repeated threshold measures for abrupt onset/offset signal envelopes versus slow(More)
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