S. D. Turnbull

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We observed 10 sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) parasitizing basking sharks (Cetorhinus maximus), the world's second largest fish, in the Bay of Fundy. Due to the high concentrations of urea in the blood and tissues of ureosmotic elasmobranchs, we hypothesized that sea lampreys would have mechanisms to eliminate co-ingested urea while feeding on basking(More)
Many seal vocalizations consist of frequency swept tones. The signal detection thresholds of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) and of human listeners were measured using ascending and descending frequency swept tones at 1/3- and 1-oct bandwidths. The swept tones increased or decreased exponentially and traversed the same frequency range. The sweeps were(More)
Threshold changes associated with separating a signal source and a masking white noise source from 0 degree to 90 degrees were determined for 0.5, 1 and 8 kHz pure tones and click trains. No changes occurred for the 0.5 and 1 kHz pure tones. Masked thresholds of 8 kHz pure tones and click trains decreased linearly by 9 and 13 dB respectively as angular(More)
The International Linear Collider (ILC) Time Projection Chamber (TPC) transverse space-point resolution goal is 100 µm for all tracks including stiff 90 • tracks with the full ∼2 m drift. A Micro Pattern Gas Detector (MPGD) readout TPC can achieve the target resolution with existing techniques using 1 mm or narrower pads at the expense of increased detector(More)
The effects of signal onset/offset envelope on the underwater hearing thresholds of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) were measured. Pure-tone, 540-ms pulses at 2, 4, 8, and 16 kHz were presented as test signals. An ANOVA revealed that there were no significant differences between repeated threshold measures for abrupt onset/offset signal envelopes versus slow(More)
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