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Superoxide dismutases (SODs), antioxidant metalloenzymes, represent the first line of defense in biological systems against oxidative stress caused by excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular O(2)(•-). Two distinct members of SOD family were identified from Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum (abbreviated as RpMnSOD and RpCu/ZnSOD). The(More)
Lysozyme is an important enzyme in the innate immune system that plays a vital role in fighting microbial infections. In the current study, we identified, cloned, and characterized a gene that encodes an invertebrate-type lysozyme from the disk abalone, Haliotis discus discus (abLysI). The full-length cDNA of abLysI consisted of 545 bp with an open reading(More)
Lysozymes are crucial antibacterial proteins that are associated with catalytic cleavage of peptidoglycan and subsequent bacteriolysis. The present study describes the identification of two lysozyme genes from disc abalone Haliotis discus discus and their characterization at sequence-, genomic-, transcriptional- and functional-levels. Two cDNAs and BAC(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are important innate effector molecules, playing a vital role in antimicrobial immunity in all species. Glyrichin is a transmembrane protein and an antibacterial peptide, exerting its functions against a wide range of pathogenic bacteria. In this study, cDNA and a BAC clone harboring the glyrichin gene were identified from rock bream(More)
C1 inhibitor (C1Inh), a member of serpin superfamily, is a crucial regulator of the activation of various plasmatic cascades associated with immunity and inflammation. This study describes the identification and characterization of a C1Inh gene from rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus (OfC1Inh) at structural, expressional and functional levels. The(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the antinociceptive potential of leaves of Ixora coccinea (family: Rubeaceae). One of four doses (500, 750, 1000 or 1500 mg/kg, n = 8/dose) of aqueous leaf extract (ALE) or 1 ml of distilled water was orally administered to male rats and antinociceptive activity was ascertained using three models ofnociception (tail(More)
The membrane-attack complex/perforin (MACPF) domain-containing proteins play an important role in the innate immune response against invading microbial pathogens. In the current study, a member of the MACPF domain-containing proteins, macrophage expressed gene-1 (MPEG1) encoding 730 amino acids with the theoretical molecular mass of 79.6 kDa and an(More)
Complement component 1q (C1q) is a subcomponent of the C1 complex and the key protein that recognizes and binds to a broad range of immune and non-immune ligands to initiate the classical complement pathway. In the present study, we identified and characterized three novel C1q family members from rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus. The full-length cDNAs of(More)
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are enzymes that catalyze xenobiotic metabolism in the phase II detoxification process. GSTs have a potential for use as indicators or biomarkers to assess the presence of organic and inorganic contaminants in aquatic environments. In this study, a full-length cDNA of a mu (μ) class GST (RpGSTμ) was identified from Manila(More)
In this study, we describe the identification and characterization of manganese superoxide dismutase, an important antioxidant enzyme acting as the chief reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, from rock bream Oplegnathus fasciatus (Of-mMnSOD) at genomic- and transcriptional-levels as well as the biological activity of recombinant protein. The Of-mMnSOD(More)