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BACKGROUND Although T-wave alternans has been closely associated with vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias, the cellular processes underlying T-wave alternans and their role, if any, in the mechanism of reentry remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS -T-wave alternans on the surface ECG was elicited in 8 Langendorff-perfused guinea pig hearts during(More)
INTRODUCTION Optical mapping with voltage-sensitive dyes has made it possible to record cardiac action potentials with high spatial resolution that is unattainable by conventional techniques. Optically recorded signals possess distinct properties that differ importantly from electrograms recorded with extracellular electrodes or action potentials recorded(More)
BACKGROUND Although the relationship between cardiac wavelength (lambda) and path length importantly determines the stability of reentrant arrhythmias, the physiological determinants of lambda are poorly understood. To investigate the cellular mechanisms that control lambda during reentry, we developed an experimental system for continuously monitoring(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we have shown that a premature stimulus can significantly modulate spatial gradients of ventricular repolarization (ie, modulated dispersion), which result from heterogeneous electrophysiological properties between cells. The role modulated dispersion may play in determining electrical instability in the heart is unknown. METHODS(More)
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