S. Chopra

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—A maximum-likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE) receiver is fabricated to combat dispersion/intersymbol interference (chromatic and polarization mode), noise (optical and electrical), and nonlinearities (e.g., fiber, receiver photodiode, or laser) in OC-192 metro and long-haul links. The MLSE receiver includes a variable gain amplifier with 40-dB gain(More)
INTRODUCTION This course is designed to help students develop strong conceptual foundations for understanding technological innovations. It will introduce concepts and frameworks for analyzing how firms can create, commercialize and capture value from technology-based products and services. It will also highlight why some firms that have successfully(More)
Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) is a life-threatening obstetric complication and the leading cause of maternal death. Any bleeding that results in or could result in haemodynamic instability, if untreated, must be considered as PPH. There is no controversy about the need for prevention and treatment of PPH. The keystone of management of PPH entails first,(More)
BACKGROUND Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) can significantly impair the quality of life. A variety of treatments, both medical and surgical, have been used to manage it. The transobturator sling, which is a subfascial sling, is relatively a new surgical technique with minimal access. AIM The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of(More)
Hypertension is the most common medical disorder complicating pregnancy. However, how pregnancy incites or aggravates hypertension remains unsolved despite decades of intensive research. Various endocrine and metabolic mechanisms have been postulated to contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension in pregnancy. Understanding the endocrine aspect of the(More)
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