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A human malignant glioma cell line, LN-18, has been established in monolayer culture and subcultured for more than 115 passages. LN-18 cells grow in vitro as bipolar or stellate cells with pleomorphic nuclei, have a doubling time of about 72 h and a plating efficiency of 3%. The glial nature of these cells has been assessed by ultrastructural examination.(More)
Four monoclonal antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) have been selected from 32 hybrids that produce antibodies against this antigen, by the criteria of high affinity for CEA and low cross-reactivity with granulocyte glycoprotein(s). The specificity of tumor localization in vivo of the four MAb, and their F(ab')2 and Fab fragments was compared(More)
Six patients with neoplastic melanomatous meningitis were studied. The diagnosis of this complication of malignant disease rests on the demonstration of malignant cells within the CSF. The addition of monoclonal antibody immunocytology to conventional techniques significantly improved the diagnostic sensitivity of CSF cytology, allowing for earlier and(More)
The staphylococcal toxins are responsible for a number of diseases in man and other animals. Many of them have also long been known to be powerful T cell stimulants. They do not, however, stimulate all T cells. On the contrary, each toxin reacts with human T cells bearing particular V beta sequences as part of their receptors for major histocompatibility(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) modulates the expression of Class II major histocompatibility antigens (MHC), thus providing a potential regulatory mechanism for local immune reactivity in the context of MHC-restricted antigen presentation. Within the central nervous system (CNS), the expression of MHC Class II antigens has been demonstrated on human reactive(More)
Hybridoma cells have been derived from a fusion between mouse myeloma cells (P3-NSI/1Ag4) and spleen cells from a mouse immunized with membrane-enriched fractions from the human melanoma cell line Me-43. Of the 26 hybrids obtained, seven secreted antibodies which reacted with the melanoma cell line used for immunoassay. The specificity of the antibodies(More)
In this paper, the characterization of four human malignant glioma cell lines is described. The four lines are positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in variable amounts. One of them, LN 992, is positive for S-100 protein. Myelin basic protein could not be detected in any of the four lines. The four lines had high levels of CNPase activity. The(More)
The expression by melanomas of multiple antigens that are recognized by specific MHC class I-restricted CTLs has been clearly demonstrated. The goal of many immunotherapy protocols being developed is, therefore, the induction and/or augmentation of CTLs specific for such antigens. One approach has been to immunize using irradiated autologous melanoma cells.(More)
The reactivity spectrum of five different monoclonal anti-melanoma antibodies cross-reacting with gliomas and neuroblastomas and one monoclonal anti-glioma antibody cross-reacting with melanomas and neuroblastomas was investigated. Comparison of the binding activity of these monoclonal antibodies for 11 melanoma, seven glioma, and three neuroblastoma cell(More)
The T cell antigen receptor is constructed from independent gene segments much like those used to assemble immunoglobulin genes. One of the receptor's two protein subunits, the beta chain, uses a limited number of variable region segments. The product of these V region segments can be identified by monoclonal antibodies and can be used to define populations(More)