S. Carlsen

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Birth size has been positively associated with age at menarche and height in adolescence and adulthood, but the relevant biological mechanisms remain unclear. Among 262 Norwegian term-born singleton girls, birth size measures (weight, length, ponderal index, head circumference and subscapular skin-fold thickness) were analysed in relation to adolescent(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal studies have indicated that maternal androgen levels influence the intrauterine environment and development of the offspring. Human data are missing. We therefore investigated the possible association between maternal androgens and offspring size at birth in humans. DESIGN A random sample of parous Caucasian women (n=147) was followed(More)
INTRODUCTION This observational study is designed to test the equivalence between the clinical effectiveness of microdecompression and laminectomy in the surgical treatment of central lumbar spinal stenosis. Lumbar spinal stenosis is the most frequent indication for spinal surgery in the elderly, and as the oldest segment of the population continues to grow(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the equivalence for clinical effectiveness between microdecompression and laminectomy in patients with central lumbar spinal stenosis. DESIGN Multicentre observational study. SETTING Prospective data from the Norwegian Registry for Spine Surgery. PARTICIPANTS 885 patients with central stenosis of the lumbar spine who underwent(More)
Introduction:  Since the introduction of lumbar microdiscectomy in the 1970's, many studies have attempted to compare the effectiveness of this method with that of standard open discectomy with conflicting results. This observational study is designed to compare the relative effectiveness of microdiscectomy (MD) with open discectomy (OD) for treating lumbar(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk for preeclampsia and macrosomia. GDM is conventionally diagnosed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is a marker for the average glucose level the last 2-3 months. We aimed to study if HbA1c alone or in combination with patient characteristics can be used to(More)
CONTEXT Increased Anti-Mullerian Hormone in polycystic ovary syndrome, may be due to overactive follicles rather than reflect antral follicle count. OBJECTIVE Does Anti-Mullerian Hormone reflect antral follicle count similarly in women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome or polycystic ovarian morphology? DESIGN Cross-sectional, case-control. (More)
OBJECTIVE The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) is recommended as a screening tool for diabetes risk. However, there is a lack of well-powered studies examining the performance of FINDRISC by sex and age. We aim to estimate, by sex and age, the prevalence of elevated FINDRISC and positive predictive value (PPV) of FINDRISC for identifying impaired(More)
BACKGROUND Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preeclampsia and macrosomia. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are at increased risk of developing GDM. Today, GDM is diagnosed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), a rather cumbersome test for the women and health care system. The objectives of(More)