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This paper studies many fundamental aspects of a newly proposed multi-class traffic flow model. For the first time it presents a complete discussion on the hyperbolicity of the system; and based upon this, the admissible waves of the Riemann problem are deeply investigated. Many important conclusions are made in discussions, and the related physical(More)
This paper shows the essence of conservation forms when applying the weak solution theory to solve the traveling wave solution of a wide cluster in the Payne-Whitham (PW) model. The consideration of the conservation form for the acceleration equation is an important ingredient in the development of higher-order traffic flow models, but it is largely ignored(More)
This paper develops a number of Riemann solvers for a conserved higher-order traffic flow model, which are derived firstly by expressing its exact Riemann solver through that of the LWR model, and then by replacing the exact Riemann solver of the LWR model with the corresponding approximate Riemann solvers in the expression. Being applied to design a(More)
This paper develops macroscopic traffic flow models for a highway section with variable lanes and free-flow velocities, that involve spatially varying flux functions. To address this complex physical property, we develop a Riemann solver that derives the exact flux values at the interface of the Riemann problem. Based on this solver, we formulate(More)
The authors present a SCR (silicon-controlled rectifier) model with an intrinsic three-junction configuration. The conductivity modulation in the high-current region and the SNS (Sah-Noyce-Shockley) recombination in the low-current region are both considered, and the on-state DC I-V curve is calibrated numerically with respect to the data specification(More)
This paper proposes a cellular automata model of pedestrian flow that defines a cost potential field, which takes into account the costs of travel time and discomfort, for a pedestrian to move to an empty neighboring cell. The formulation is based on a reconstruction of the density distribution and the underlying physics, including the rule for resolving(More)
To investigate pedestrian exposure when only pedestrian-crash data are available, the quasi-induced exposure method is used to identify the factors that contributed to pedestrian-vehicle crashes in Las Vegas from 2004 to 2008. The results show that overall crash severity, light conditions and weather conditions are potentially risky factors in pedestrian(More)
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