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When activated, membrane-bound receptors for Fas and tumour-necrosis factor initiate programmed cell death by recruiting the death domain of the adaptor protein FADD to the membrane. FADD then activates caspase 8 (also known as FLICE or MACH) through an interaction between the death-effector domains of FADD and caspase 8. This ultimately leads to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the follicular response of ovaries after laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriotic cysts. DESIGN A retrospective, controlled study. SETTING Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of a university hospital. PATIENT(S) Patients with history of infertility who had laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy for endometriotic cysts. (More)
The inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) family of proteins, originally identified in baculoviruses, regulate programmed cell death in a variety of organisms. IAPs inhibit specific enzymes (caspases) in the death cascade and contain one to three modules of a common 70-amino-acid motif called the BIR domain. Here we describe the nuclear magnetic resonance structure(More)
Oestrogen plays an important role in follicular formation and oocyte maturation via its receptor (ER). Many studies have shown association of the ER gene polymorphisms with a variety of pathological conditions. In this study we have examined the relationship of a common PvuII and a rare BstUI polymorphism in the ER gene to the mean numbers of follicles and(More)
In order to investigate the fertilizing ability of DNA-damaged sperm, they were exposed to gamma radiation prior to insemination. The presence of DNA-strand breaks were detected by the TUNEL test. Fertilization rates of 64.3, 59.9, 58.5, and 61.1% were achieved when sperm were subjected to 5, 10, 50, and 100 GY, respectively. This rate was 53.2% in the(More)
GAP-43 is one of a small subset of cellular proteins selectively transported by a neuron to its terminals. Its enrichment in growth cones and its increased levels in developing or regenerating neurons suggest that it has an important role in neurite growth. A complementary DNA (cDNA) that encodes rat GAP-43 has been isolated to study its structural(More)
We demonstrate the presence of centrioles in fertilized human oocytes at syngamy. Single or double centrioles within centrosomes were detected by transmission electron microscopy at one pole of the first cleavage spindle in normal and dispermic embryos (25-26 hr after insemination). Sperm centrioles were also closely associated with the male pronucleus(More)
Totipotent non-committed inner cell mass (ICM) cells from human blastocyts, if demonstrated to be capable of proliferating in vitro without differentiation, will have several beneficial uses, not only in the treatment of neurodegenerative and genetic disorders, but also as a model in studying the events involved in embryogenesis and genomic manipulation.(More)
Microfertilization of human oocytes with spermatozoa from a man with immotile cilia syndrome is reported, confirming a preliminary investigation where a zona-free donor oocyte was fertilized with spermatozoa from the same patient. Oocytes from his spouse were obtained by laparoscopy after routine stimulation with clomiphene citrate, human menopausal and(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of oral treatment of Tribulus terrestris (TT) extract on the isolated corpus cavernosal tissue of New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits and to determine the mechanism by which protodioscin (PTN), a constituent of the TT, exerts its pharmacological effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)