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BACKGROUND Screening biomarkers for ovarian cancer are needed because of its late stage at diagnosis and poor survival. We used microarray technology to identify overexpressed genes for secretory proteins as potential serum biomarkers and selected prostasin, a serine protease normally secreted by the prostate gland, for further study. METHODS RNA was(More)
Primary human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cells were immortalized by a retroviral vector (LXSN-16E6E7) expressing HPV-E6E7 open reading frames (ORF). Immortalizations of primary ovarian epithelial cells were achieved in three of three attempts. Detailed analysis was carried out in one line, HOSE 6-3, selected on the basis of its epithelial morphology.(More)
BACKGROUND When ovarian carcinoma is diagnosed in stage I, up to 90% of patients can be cured with surgery and currently available chemotherapy. At present, less than 25% of cases are diagnosed at this stage. To increase the fraction of ovarian cancers detected at an early stage, screening strategies have been devised that utilize a rising serum CA125 level(More)
BRCA1, a breast and ovarian tumor suppressor, colocalizes with markers of the inactive X chromosome (Xi) on Xi in female somatic cells and associates with XIST RNA, as detected by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Breast and ovarian carcinoma cells lacking BRCA1 show evidence of defects in Xi chromatin structure. Reconstitution of BRCA1-deficient cells with wt(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the expression of bcl-2, c-myc, c-fms and c-erbB-2 oncoproteins in normal placentas, partial and complete hydatidiform moles, and choriocarcinomas and to examine the possible presence of mutations in the K-ras gene in complete moles and choriocarcinomas. STUDY DESIGN The expression of the above oncoproteins was determined(More)
The epithelial cell adhesion molecule (Ep-CAM) exhibited an ovarian cancer:normal human ovarian surface epithelium ratio of 444. For validation studies, real-time quantitative PCR analysis and immunohistochemistry were performed in normal and malignant ovarian epithelial cell lines and tissues. To evaluate the potential of the Ep-CAM autoantibody as a tumor(More)
BACKGROUND We studied Dicer and Drosha, components of the RNA-interference machinery, in ovarian cancer. METHODS We measured messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of Dicer and Drosha in specimens of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer from 111 patients, using a quantitative reverse-transcriptase-polymerase-chain-reaction assay, and compared the results with clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Using differential display (DD), we discovered a new member of the serine protease family of protein-cleaving enzymes, named protease M. The gene is most closely related by sequence to the kallikreins, to prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and to trypsin. The diagnostic use of PSA in prostate cancer suggested that a related molecule might be a(More)
Our understanding of the roles played by sex hormones in ovarian carcinogenesis has been limited by a lack of data concerning the mode of sex hormone action in human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cells, the tissue of origin of >90% of ovarian cancers. We have compared the relative abundance of estrogen receptor (ER)alpha, ERbeta, progesterone receptor(More)
Using RNA fingerprinting (RAP) strategy and Northern blot analysis, we identified a differentially expressed sequence DOC-2 which is detectable in all normal human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cell cultures but not in ovarian cancer cell lines and tissues. Subsequent cloning of DOC-2 from a cDNA library generated from the HOSE cells was carried out(More)