S C Jakes

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Two new questionnaires were devised to investigate dimensions of complaint about tinnitus. Following a factor analysis of data provided by a sample of tinnitus patients who were administered the first questionnaire, the second questionnaire was developed. This included questions concerning coping attitudes and beliefs about tinnitus. The results of the two(More)
Two separate factor analyses were conducted on various self-rated complaints about tinnitus and related neuro-otological symptoms, together with audiometric measurements of tinnitus 'intensity' (masking level and loudness matching levels). Two general tinnitus complaint factors were identified, i.e. 'intrusiveness of tinnitus' and 'distress due to(More)
A consecutive series of 62 patients who reported tinnitus at the time of their first attendance at a neuro-otology clinic were studied. Loudness matches were obtained both at the frequency of the tinnitus and at 1 kHz. These matches were expressed in dB HL, dB SL and in units derived from individualised loudness functions (personal loudness units; PLUs).(More)
Questions are raised about the technical and psychological interpretation of loudness match measures in the assessment of tinnitus "intensity". The effect of hearing threshold on loudness matches expressed in sensation level (SL) was investigated by selecting subjects with different degrees of hearing loss. The loudness match expressed in SL was found to be(More)
Multivariate statistical techniques were used to re-analyse the data from the recent DHSS multi-centre masker study. These analyses were undertaken to three ends. First, to clarify and attempt to replicate the previously found factor structure of complaints about tinnitus. Secondly, to attempt to identify common factors in the change or improvement measures(More)
A comprehensive model of tinnitus management is proposed. As it is rarely possible to abolish the symptom, management of the tinnitus patient must aim at precipitating the habituation process. The model is split into 'evaluation' and 'remediation' sections. In each section the various aspects of management are discussed. Together with traditional factors,(More)
In the management of any patient suffering from tinnitus, it is essential first to identify and treat any underlying cause and then to apply proven tinnito-suppressive treatment to any persistent tinnitus. The present model is concerned with the management of patients whose tinnitus persists despite this approach. It indicates how all relevant information(More)
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