S. C. J. Reader

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The studies described in this paper were undertaken to evaluate the use of plasma enzymes of testicular origin and plasma hormones as markers of acute testicular toxicity. Rats were dosed by gavage with a single dose of either 1,3-dinitrobenzene (1,3-DNB) or ethylene glycol monomethyl ether (EGME). Two experimental designs were used: a dose response and a(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the in vitro effects of four isomers of a known testicular toxicant, dinitroluene (DNT). Rat Sertoli or Sertoli-germ cell cocultures were treated, after 3 days in culture, with DNT isomers (0.01 to 100 microM) or 1,3-dinitrobenzene (1,3-DNB) for 24 hr. Cellular morphology, germ cell detachment (GCD) and lactate(More)
The effect of six drugs on the uptake and organification of iodide by porcine thyroid cells stimulated with bovine TSH (10 miU/L) has been investigated. The drugs fall into two categories: the peroxidase inhibitors, methimazole (MMI), 2-thiouracil (2-TU) and 3-amino 1,2,4 triazole (3-ATA) and the ionic inhibitors, lithium chloride (LiCl), potassium(More)
Plasma ACTH and corticosteroid levels were measured in normal subjects during constant infusion of either 0.9% (W/V) NaCl solution or cortisol, and during insulin-induced hypoglycaemia. During infusions of 0.9% NACl solution the secretion of ACTH and corticosteroids was episodic. Fast, rate-sensitive, negative feedback inhibition of ACTH secretin was(More)
Tiny talk is a powerful , memory-efficient, and inexpensive screen reader program for blind or otherwise print-handicapped users of ffiM-compatible computers. It was developed to meet needs expressed by blind consumers, who participated in all stages of the design and implementation process and played a key role in providing recommendations and feedback.(More)
The biopotency of six preparations of thyrotrophin (TSH) has been compared in a highly sensitive in vitro porcine thyroid cell bioassay using iodide uptake as an endpoint. Three of these preparations were of human origin and three derived from bovine pituitary tissue. One human TSH preparation, the 2nd International Reference Preparation, 80/558, was used(More)
Quantitative cytochemical techniques have been employed in a study of some of the acute effects of low doses (0.01----1 mU/liter) of TSH on the metabolism of guinea pig thyroid segments maintained in nonproliferative organ culture. The enzymes involved in the synthesis of NADP+ (NAD+ kinase), its reduction by the pentose-shunt (glucose 6-phosphate(More)
Luteinizing hormone from the pituitaries of women of premenopausal (Pre-M) and postmenopausal (Post-M) age has been studied to further understand the variations in the quality of plasma LH in women of different ages. The median and range for bioactive LH was 101: 85-155 IU/mg protein and 83: 52-201 IU/mg protein for the Pre- and Post-M groups respectively.(More)
Thyrocytes isolated from porcine thyroids by mechanical and enzymatic dispersion and cultured in Eagle's minimal essential medium, supplemented with 5% (v/v) fetal calf serum, glutamine and cortisol, formed a continuous monolayer within 48 h. This monolayer was without cytochemical peroxidase and diaphorase (NADPH reoxidation) activity. In the presence of(More)
Bioassayable plasma ACTH and corticosteroid levels were measured during constant infusions of low doses of cortisol (3-15 mg/h) into normal subjects and into two patients with Cushing's disease. Plasma ACTH levels decreased significantly in all subjects within 60 min from the start of the infusion. The rate of rise of plasma corticosteroid levels(More)