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BACKGROUND Pathways involved in androgen metabolism have been implicated in the etiology of prostate cancer. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of CYP3A4, a gene associated with the oxidative deactivation of testosterone, on the clinical presentation of prostate cancers. METHODS A polymerase chain reaction-based approach was used to(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) requires oxygen to cause cellular and vascular tumor damage. Tissue oxygen concentration, in turn, is influenced by blood flow and blood oxygenation. Real-time clinical measurement of these hemodynamic quantities, however, is rare. This paper reports the development and application of a probe, combining diffuse reflectance(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in a novel gene, UBIAD1, were recently found to cause the autosomal dominant eye disease Schnyder corneal dystrophy (SCD). SCD is characterized by an abnormal deposition of cholesterol and phospholipids in the cornea resulting in progressive corneal opacification and visual loss. We characterized lesions in the UBIAD1 gene in new SCD(More)
Treatment side effects and decreased quality of life associated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) suggest the need for supportive services for prostate cancer (PC) patients receiving ADT. Nonetheless, uptake of services is low, suggesting that PC patients' preferences are not being addressed. We examined interest in supportive services and predictors(More)
The enzyme product of SRD5A2, 5alpha-reductase type II, is responsible for converting testosterone to the more metabolically active dihydrotestosterone. Therefore, SRDSA2 may be involved in the development or growth of prostate tumors. To examine the effects of allelic variants in the gene SRDSA2 on the presentation of prostate tumors, we studied a sample,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Interstitial photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an emerging modality for the treatment of solid organ disease. Our group at the University of Pennsylvania has performed extensive studies that demonstrate the feasibility of interstitial PDT for prostate cancer. Our preclinical and clinical experience is herein detailed. STUDY(More)
PURPOSE The time course of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response to photodynamic therapy (PDT) of prostate cancer was measured. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Seventeen patients were treated in a phase I trial of motexafin lutetium-PDT. PDT dose was calculated in each patient as the product of the ex vivo measured pre-PDT photosensitizer level and the in(More)
Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer (CRPC) is characterized by persistent androgen receptor-driven tumor growth in the apparent absence of systemic androgens. Current evidence suggests that CRPC cells can produce their own androgens from endogenous sterol precursors that act in an intracrine manner to stimulate tumor growth. The mechanisms by which CRPC(More)
AIMS The Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI), is a serine protease inhibitor derived from soy beans, which is presently being evaluated in clinical trials for its ability to serve as a cancer preventive or anti-inflammatory agent. The form of BBI currently in clinical trials is known as Bowman-Birk inhibitor concentrate (BBIC). There have been anecdotal reports(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to analyze the prevalence and incremental burden of depression among elderly with prostate cancer. METHODS We adopted a retrospective cohort design using the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results-Medicare linked database between 1995 and 2003. Patients with prostate cancer diagnosed between 1995 and 1998 were identified and(More)