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Platelet factor 4 (PF4; CXCL4) is an abundant platelet alpha-granule CXC chemokine with unique functions. Although lacking a chemotactic activity, PF4 initiates a signal transduction cascade in human monocytes leading to the induction of a broad spectrum of acute and delayed functions including phagocytosis, respiratory burst, survival, and the secretion of(More)
Tissue injury induces an inflammatory response accompanied by the recruitment of immune cells and of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that contribute to tissue regeneration. After stimulation with interleukin- (IL-) 12 and IL-18 natural killer (NK) cells secrete the proinflammatory cytokine interferon- (IFN-) γ. IFN- γ plays a crucial role in the defense(More)
Classical twin studies and recent linkage analyses of African populations have revealed a potential involvement of host genetic factors in susceptibility or resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. In order to identify the candidate genes involved and test their causal implication, we capitalized on the mouse model of tuberculosis, since inbred(More)
Neutrophils are primary inflammatory cells and absolutely essential to protect the host during the early phases of microbial infection. Their role in cancer is less clear. Current evidence suggests that neutrophils show high functional plasticity and can adopt protumor and antitumor activity. Protumor neutrophils are functionally related to the recently(More)
We report the cloning and molecular analysis of the Leishmania donovani clpB gene. The protein-coding region is highly conserved compared with its L. major homologue, while 5'- and 3'-flanking DNA sequences display considerable divergence. The encoded mRNA has an unusually long 5'-leader sequence typical for RNAs, which are translated preferentially under(More)
Recent evidence suggests that platelets are not only involved in haemostatic processes but also modulate immune responses. As antigen-presenting cells (APC) are of crucial importance for the regulation of immunity, in this study we wanted to define the role of platelet factor 4 (PF-4) as one of the major platelet-derived chemokines on the transition of(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have emerged as major regulators of immune responses in cancer and other pathological conditions. In recent years, ample evidence supports key contributions of MDSC to tumour progression through both immune-mediated mechanisms and those not directly associated with immune suppression. MDSC are the subject of(More)
Several lines of evidence point to a close relationship between the hormones of energy homeostasis and the olfactory system. Examples are the localization of leptin and adiponectin receptors in the olfactory system or increased activation of brain regions related to the palatability and the hedonic value of food in response to food pictures after(More)
AHNAK/Desmoyokin is a giant protein which has been recently linked to reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton, cellular migration and invasion. Here, we investigated the role of AHNAK in the pathophysiology of larynx carcinoma-one of the major subtypes of head and neck cancer. To this end, we analysed AHNAK expression in tumor tissues from 83 larynx(More)
Fractal image coding can be seen as spectral prediction of coefficients in the wavelet decomposition of an image. Fine scale coefficients are described by shifted and scaled coefficients from the next coarser frequency scale. We analyzed the ability of fractal coders to predict wavelet coefficients and found that the prediction of entire wavelet subtrees-as(More)