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In the hippocampus and neocortex, high-frequency (tetanic) stimulation of an afferent pathway leads to long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission. In the hippocampus it has recently been shown that long-term depression (LTD) of excitatory transmission can also be induced by certain combinations of synaptic activation. In most hippocampal and all(More)
Acetylcholine (ACh) and noradrenaline (NA) have been shown to facilitate experience-dependent modifications of synaptic connectivity during postnatal development of the kitten visual cortex. To further investigate the mechanisms of this facilitation we studied the effects of these neuromodulators in an in vitro model of use-dependent synaptic plasticity. We(More)
In a variety of brain structures repetitive activation of synaptic connections can lead to long-term potentiation (LTP) or long-term depression (LTD) of synaptic transmission, and these modifications are held responsible for memory formation. Here we examine the role of postsynaptic Ca2+ concentration in the induction of LTD in the neocortex. In layer III(More)
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