Learn More
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can be used to amplify a DNA fragment with the concomitant creation of numerous mutations provided that one dNTP substrate is in excess over the three others. Advantage was taken of this behavior to systematically mutagenize a 291-bp-long DNA fragment and to define the rules relating the frequencies of each possible bp(More)
In a significant fraction of the Escherichia coli cytosolic proteins, the N-terminal methionine residue incorporated during the translation initiation step is excised. The N-terminal methionine excision is catalyzed by methionyl-aminopeptidase (MAP). Previous studies have suggested that the action of this enzyme could depend mainly on the nature of the(More)
The heterotrimeric factor e/aIF2 plays a central role in eukaryotic/archaeal initiation of translation. By delivering the initiator methionyl-tRNA to the ribosome, e/aIF2 ensures specificity of initiation codon selection. The three subunits of aIF2 from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus abyssi could be overproduced in Escherichia coli. The beta and(More)
Peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase activity from Escherichia coli ensures the recycling of peptidyl-tRNAs produced through abortion of translation. This activity, which is essential for cell viability, is carried out by a monomeric protein of 193 residues. The structure of crystalline peptidyl-tRNA hydrolase could be solved at 1.2 A resolution. It indicates a single(More)
Administration of selenium in humans has anticarcinogenic effects. However, the boundary between cancer-protecting and toxic levels of selenium is extremely narrow. The mechanisms of selenium toxicity need to be fully understood. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, selenite in the millimolar range is well tolerated by cells. Here we show that the lethal dose of(More)
The crystal structure of Escherichia coli methionyl-tRNAfMet transformylase complexed with formyl-methionyl-tRNAfMet was solved at 2.8 A resolution. The formylation reaction catalyzed by this enzyme irreversibly commits methionyl-tRNAfMet to initiation of translation in eubacteria. In the three-dimensional model, the methionyl-tRNAfMet formyltransferase(More)
In Escherichia coli, tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase is known to esterify tRNA(Tyr) with tyrosine. Resulting d-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) can be hydrolyzed by a d-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase. By monitoring E. coli growth in liquid medium, we systematically searched for other d-amino acids, the toxicity of which might be exacerbated by the inactivation of the gene encoding(More)
Previous studies of phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase expression in Escherichia coli have established that the pheST operon transcription is controlled by a Phe-tRNA(Phe)-mediated attenuation mechanism. More recently, the himA gene, encoding the alpha-subunit of integration host factor, was recognized immediately downstream from pheT, possibly forming part of(More)
The putative human tumor suppressor gene FHIT (fragile histidine triad) (M. Ohta et al., Cell 84:587-597, 1996) encodes a protein behaving in vitro as a dinucleoside 5',5"'-P1,P3-triphosphate (Ap3A) hydrolase. In this report, we show that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae APH1 gene product, which resembles human Fhit protein, also hydrolyzes dinucleoside(More)
Since its discovery in crude extracts in the late sixties, Escherichia coli peptide deformylase activity could not be further characterized because of an apparent extreme instability. We show that this behavior was caused by an inadequate activity assay, involving substrate concentration inhibition and substrate precipitation in crude extracts. The(More)