S. Blanquet

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Glutaminyl-transfer RNA (Gln-tRNA(Gln)) in archaea is synthesized in a pretranslational amidation of misacylated Glu-tRNA(Gln) by the heterodimeric Glu-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase GatDE. Here we report the crystal structure of the Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus GatDE complexed to tRNA(Gln) at 3.15 angstroms resolution. Biochemical analysis of GatDE(More)
The DNA sequence of a 2,100-bp region containing the argE gene from Escherichia coli has been determined. The nucleotide sequence of the ppc-argE intergenic region was also solved and shown to contain six tandemly repeated REP sequences. Moreover, the oxyR gene has been mapped on the E. coli chromosome and shown to flank the arg operon. The codon(More)
Hydrogen selenide is a recurrent metabolite of selenium compounds. However, few experiments studied the direct link between this toxic agent and cell death. To address this question, we first screened a systematic collection of Saccharomyces cerevisiae haploid knockout strains for sensitivity to sodium selenide, a donor for hydrogen selenide(More)
An enzyme capable of liberating functional tRNA(Lys) from Escherichia coli diacetyl-lysyl-tRNA(Lys) was purified from the archae Sulfolobus solfataricus. Contrasting with the specificity of peptidyl- tRNA hydrolase (PTH) from E.coli, the S.solfataricus enzyme readily accepts E.coli formyl-methionyl-tRNA(fMet) as a substrate. N-terminal sequencing of this(More)
GEK1, an Arabidopsis thaliana gene product, was recently identified through its involvement in ethanol tolerance. Later, this protein was shown to display 26% strict identity with archaeal d -Tyr-tRNA Tyr deacylases. To determine whether it actually possessed deacylase activity, the product of the GEK 1 open reading frame was expressed in Escherichia coli(More)
Selenomethionine, a dietary supplement with beneficial health effects, becomes toxic if taken in excess. To gain insight into the mechanisms of action of selenomethionine, we screened a collection of ≈5900 Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants for sensitivity or resistance to growth-limiting amounts of the compound. Genes involved in protein degradation and(More)
Inert metal-selenide colloids are found in animals. They are believed to afford cross-protection against the toxicities of both metals and selenocompounds. Here, the toxicities of metal salt and sodium selenide mixtures were systematically studied using the death rate of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells as an indicator. In parallel, the abilities of these(More)
The correct amino acid sequence of E. coli isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IleRS) was established by means of peptide mapping by MALDI mass spectrometry, using a set of four endoproteases (trypsin, LysC, AspN and GluC). Thereafter, the active site of IleRS was mapped by affinity labeling with reactive analogs of the substrates. For the ATP binding site, the(More)
The metS gene encoding homodimeric methionyl-tRNA synthetase from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been cloned and a 2880 base pair sequence solved. Comparison of the deduced enzyme protomer sequence (Mr 74,355) with that of the E. coli methionyl-tRNA synthetase protomer (Mr 76,124) revealed a relatively low level (32%) of identities, although both enzymes(More)
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