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The effect of confinement on the structure of hemoglobin (Hb) within polymer capsules was investigated here. Hemoglobin transformed from an aggregated state in solution to a nonaggregated state when confined inside the polymer capsules. This was directly confirmed using synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) studies. The radius of gyration (R(g))(More)
The one-body tunnel picture of single-molecule magnets (SMMs) is not always sufficient to explain the measured tunnel transitions. An improvement to the picture is proposed by including also two-body tunnel transitions such as spin-spin cross relaxation (SSCR) which are mediated by dipolar and weak superexchange interactions between molecules. A Mn4 SMM is(More)
Oxygenic respiration and photosynthesis based on quinone redox reactions face a danger of wasteful energy dissipation by diversion of the productive electron transfer pathway through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Nevertheless, the widespread quinone oxido-reductases from the cytochrome bc family limit the amounts of released ROS to a low,(More)
We compare high frequency single crystal electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) data for monomeric and dimeric Mn4 complexes where, in the case of the latter, intra-dimer exchange interactions are known to significantly alter the low temperature quantum behavior. The monomeric system exhibits typical single-molecule S /9/2 EPR spectra; analysis of these data(More)
We examine theoretically electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) lineshapes as functions of resonance frequency, energy level, and temperature for single crystals of three different kinds of single-molecule nanomagnets (SMMs): Mn12 acetate, Fe8Br, and the S = 9/2 Mn4 compound. We use a density-matrix equation and consider distributions in the uniaxial(More)
The intramembrane cytochrome bc1 complex of the photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter capsulatus and the cytochrome b6f complex, which functions in oxygenic photosynthesis, utilize two pairs of b-hemes in a symmetric dimer to accomplish proton-coupled electron transfer. The transmembrane electron transfer pathway in each complex was identified through the(More)
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