S Baulies Caballero

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A 3-year study involving 2,347 gastroenteritis samples was conducted to determine the prevalence, time distribution, and medical significance of human astrovirus infection in Barcelona, Spain. The overall incidence of astrovirus was found to be 4.9%. Mixed infections with other enteric agents were detected in 17.2% of all astrovirus-positive samples. During(More)
Computational and biological approaches were undertaken to characterize the role of the human astrovirus nonstructural protein nsP1a/4, located at the C-terminal fragment of nsP1a. Computer analysis reveals sequence similarities to other nonstructural viral proteins involved in RNA replication and/or transcription and allows the identification of a(More)
Human astrovirus nonstructural C-terminal nsP1a protein, which contains a hypervariable region (HVR) and colocalizes with the endoplasmic reticulum and viral RNA, has been suggested to be involved in the RNA replication process. Four viruses differing only in their C-terminal nsP1a protein, corresponding to HVR-derived genotypes IV, V, VI, and XII, were all(More)
The persistence of human astroviruses dried on representative porous (paper) and nonporous (china) surfaces was investigated. Long-term astrovirus survival on fomites was monitored by an integrated cell culture-reverse transcription-PCR procedure. Viruses were applied to inanimate surfaces in the presence and absence of fecal material, and their survival(More)
Virus-like particles (VLPs) with the full-length VP2 and VP6 rotavirus capsid proteins, produced in the baculovirus expression system, have been evaluated as surrogates of human rotavirus in different environmental scenarios. Green fluorescent protein-labeled VLPs (GFP-VLPs) and particles enclosing a heterologous RNA (pseudoviruses), whose stability may be(More)
Cytotoxicity and herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) inhibitory activity of acyclovir (ACV), 9-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]guanine, and the palladium(II) coordination complex cis-[PdCl(2)(H(2)O)(N7-ACV)] x ACV x xH(2)O have been tested in African green monkey kidney (Vero line) epithelial cell cultures. The N(7) position of ACV represents the preferred binding site(More)
The relationship between cases of persistent diarrhoea and the levels and type of human astrovirus was investigated. The potential correlation between human astrovirus excretion levels and the occurrence of protracted gastroenteritis was elucidated after quantifying astroviruses in faecal samples by a competitive RT-PCR. This assay was developed employing(More)
Expression of the complete ORF2 of human astrovirus serotype 1 (HAstV-1) in the baculovirus system led to the formation of virus-like particles (VLPs) of around 38 nm. The same kind of VLPs were also obtained either with the expression of a truncated form of ORF2 lacking the first 70 amino acids (aa), or with the same truncated form in which those 70 aa(More)
Procedures for the detection of astroviruses in wastewater samples have been developed and evaluated. Following these methodologies, we investigated the occurrence of astroviruses in wastewater samples from three different sewage treatments plants located in Southern France and two in the Barcelona area. Some positive samples were genotyped by analysis of a(More)
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) encodes a single polyprotein, which is post-translationally processed. This processing represents an essential step in capsid formation. The virus possesses only one protease, 3C, responsible for all cleavages, except for that at the VP1/2A junction region, which is processed by cellular proteases. In this study, data demonstrates(More)