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BACKGROUND Cognitive impairment is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), but the association between cognitive impairment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disease measures in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS is unclear. OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of cognitive impairment and its relation with MRI disease measures in mildly(More)
PURPOSE To assess the capability of computed tomography (CT) in the prediction of irreversible ischemic brain damage and its association with the clinical course within 6 hours of stroke onset. MATERIALS AND METHODS Serial CT scans obtained within 6 hours of stroke onset, at 22-96 hours (median, 1 day), and at 2-36 days (median, 7 days) after symptom(More)
The objective of this study was to establish whether the time interval of 3 months is sufficient to detect whole-brain atrophy changes in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS). Another aim was to assess the value of monthly gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and of different Gd-enhancement patterns as(More)
Seventeen patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and mild physical disability had neuropsychological testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single photon emission computerised tomography (SPECT) using technetium 99m (99mTc) hexamethyl-propyleneamine oxime (HMPAO). Performance in verbal fluency, naming and memory testing appeared to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The higher relaxivity of gadobenate dimeglumine compared with gadodiamide is potentially advantageous for contrast-enhanced brain MR imaging. This study intraindividually compared 0.1-mmol/kg doses of these agents for qualitative and quantitative lesion enhancement. MATERIALS AND METHODS Adult patients with suggested or known brain(More)
Under standard laboratory conditions of rectangular light/dark cycles and constant warm temperature, Drosophila melanogaster show bursts of morning (M) and evening (E) locomotor activity and a "siesta" in the middle of the day. These M and E components have been critical for developing the neuronal dual oscillator model in which clock gene expression in key(More)
Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is considered primarily a disease of grey matter, although the extent of white matter involvement has not been well described. We used diffusion tensor imaging to study the white matter in sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease compared to healthy control subjects and to correlated magnetic resonance imaging findings with(More)
PURPOSE To compare fast spin-echo (FSE) and fast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequences with conventional spin-echo (CSE) MR imaging in the quantification of the number and volume of multiple sclerosis lesions. METHODS In 30 patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, we calculated the total number and volume of lesions detected(More)
Recent MRI studies in multiple sclerosis have highlighted the potential role of brain atrophy evaluation as a putative marker of disease progression. In the present study, we evaluated the supratentorial and infratentorial brain volume in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RR MS) and in healthy subjects. Moreover, we determined whether(More)
In 36 patients suffering acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, we studied the angiographic findings within 6 hours of the ictus and the chronic CT results at 3 months. Seven patients suffering distal pial MCA branch occlusion developed a pattern of internal borderzone infarction on follow-up CT. Carotid artery or carotid siphon stenosis or occlusion(More)