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The contribution of enzyme tests to the accurate and rapid routine identification of gram-positive cocci is introduced. The current taxonomy of the genera of aerobic and facultatively anaerobic cocci based on genotypic and phenotypic characterization is reviewed. The clinical and economic importance of members of these taxa is briefly summarized. Tables(More)
Methods based on the application of chromogenic and fluorogenic substrates enable specific and rapid detection of a variety of bacterial enzymatic activities. By using these techniques, enzymatic reactions can be examined simultaneously or individually, either directly on the isolation plate or in cell suspensions. For this purpose, various testing(More)
The MicroScan Rapid Neg MIC/Combo panels and autoSCAN-W/A (Walk Away) system utilize automated fluorescence technology for rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing of Gram-negative bacilli. In a three site clinical study eleven antimicrobial agents were evaluated by comparing results obtained with 741 clinical isolates, using rapid fluorogenic expanded(More)
The Microscan Rapid Pos MIC/Combo panels and autoSCAN-W/A (Walk Away) system utilize automated fluorescence technology for rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing of staphylococci, streptococci, and Listeria. In a three site clinical study, panels containing 26 antimicrobial agents were evaluated by comparing results obtained with 605 clinically(More)
An intracellular L-asparaginase with antitumour activity was purified from a strain of Citrobacter. The optimum conditions for enzyme production by fermentation on scales up to 2700 l were investigated. Highest enzyme yield was obtained in corn-steep liquor medium (9-2%, W/V) at 37 degrees C. Oxygen limitation was not necessary for high enzyme yield. A(More)