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BACKGROUND Among patients with a proximal vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, 60 to 80% of patients die within 90 days after stroke onset or do not regain functional independence despite alteplase treatment. We evaluated rapid endovascular treatment in addition to standard care in patients with acute ischemic stroke with a small infarct core, a(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is a leading preventable cause of recurrent stroke for which early detection and treatment are critical. However, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is often asymptomatic and likely to go undetected and untreated in the routine care of patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS We randomly assigned(More)
We examined whether the presence of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesions and vessel occlusion on acute brain magnetic resonance images of minor stroke and transient ischemic attack patients predicted the occurrence of subsequent stroke and functional outcome. 120 transient ischemic attack or minor stroke (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale < or(More)
BACKGROUND In a general population of patients with stroke, the rate of new MRI lesions at 1 week was much higher than expected. With patients with minor stroke and TIA having a higher risk of recurrent clinical events, the authors examined whether patients with minor stroke and TIA also had a high rate of asymptomatic lesions on repeat MRI scanning. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In children with stroke, poor motor outcome is associated with early Wallerian degeneration of the corticospinal tract that is seen on diffusion-weighted MRI. In this study we test the hypothesis that early diffusion changes also occur in the corticospinal tract (CST) of adults after stroke and that these lesions are associated with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cerebral microhemorrhages (MHs) are common among patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke and may predict both subsequent ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. METHODS We prospectively studied patients with and without MHs presenting within 12 hours of their ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). A magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify potentially modifiable determinants associated with variability in leptomeningeal collateral status in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS Data are from the Keimyung Stroke Registry. Consecutive patients with M1 segment middle cerebral artery ± intracranial internal carotid artery occlusions on baseline computed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Accuracy of intracranial magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and reliability of interpretation are not well established compared to conventional selective catheter angiography. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MRA in evaluation of intracranial vessels in acute stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA)(More)
It is thought that gray and white matter (GM and WM) have different perfusion and diffusion thresholds for cerebral infarction in humans. We sought to determine these thresholds with voxel-by-voxel, tissue-specific analysis of co-registered acute and follow-up magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion- and diffusion-weighted imaging. Quantitative cerebral blood(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The significance of early ischemic changes (EICs) on computed tomography (CT) to triage patients for thrombolysis has been controversial. The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) semiquantitatively assesses EICs within the middle cerebral artery territory using a10-point grading system. We hypothesized that dichotomized(More)