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A SOFTWARE PROGRAM FOR THE ROUTING OF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS IS DISCUSSED IN THIS PAPER. THIS PROGRAM IS PART OF A SYSTEM WHICH INCLUDES READING DATA FROM THE ENGINEER'S SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM, PLACING THE COMPONENTS ON THE BOARD, AND ROUTING THE CONNECTIONS. THE LAYOUT IS THEN WORKED UPON ON A GRAPHIC DISPLAY TO IMPROVE AND COMPLETE THE ROUTING, WHICH IS THEN(More)
Intellectual property rights (IPR) infringement in China reduces market opportunities and undermines the profitability of U.S. firms when sales of products and technologies are undercut by competition from illegal, lower-cost imitations. Intellectual property (IP) is often the most valuable asset that a company holds, but many companies, particularly(More)
i Acknowledgements The U.S. International Trade Commission (Commission) wishes to acknowledge the assistance provided by the Small Business Administration and U.S. Commercial Service in both their Washington and field or export assistance center offices in identifying and inviting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to the roundtable meetings and in(More)
Recent Trends in U.S. Services Trade, 2010 Annual Report focuses principally on infrastructure services (banking, electricity, insurance, retailing, securities, and telecommunications), which are consumed by every firm irrespective of economic sector. The largest infrastructure service firms are located in developed countries and offer their services(More)
This report is the third in a series by the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) that examines the domestic and global operations of U.S. small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The Commission found that U.S. exporting SMEs outperform their nonexporting SME counterparts by several measures. Whether they deal in services or manufacturing, exporting(More)
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