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The last century has seen enormous progress in our understanding of the Universe. We know the life cycles of stars, the structure of galaxies, the remnants of the big bang, and have a general understanding of how the Universe evolved. We have come remarkably far using electromagnetic radiation as our tool for observing the Universe. However, gravity is the(More)
A stochastic background of gravitational waves is expected to arise from a superposition of a large number of unresolved gravitational-wave sources of astrophysical and cosmological origin. It should carry unique signatures from the earliest epochs in the evolution of the Universe, inaccessible to standard astrophysical observations. Direct measurements of(More)
The gravitational wave detector Virgo is presently being commissioned. A significant part of last year was spent in setting up the cavity length control system. This work was carried out with steps of increasing complexity: locking a simple FabryPerot cavity, then a Michelson interferometer with Fabry-Perot cavities in both arms, and finally recycling the(More)
Nowadays, ultrasonic flaw detection is an important research topic in material NDE. However, to enhance the flaw characterization, methods based on threshold have given good results only when the signal to noise ratio is high. Since bandwidth of the reflected signals as well as its principal frequency is subject to wide variation, it is impossible to create(More)
For future configurations, we study the relation between the abatement of the noise sources and the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) for coalescing binaries. Our aim is not the proposition of a new design, but an indication of where in the bandwidth or for which noise source, a noise reduction would be most efficient. We take VIRGO as the reference for our(More)
We describe a model evaluating changes in the optical isolation of a Faraday isolator when passing from air to vacuum in terms of different thermal effects in the crystal. The changes are particularly significant in the crystal thermal lensing (refraction index and thermal expansion) and in its Verdet constant and can be ascribed to the less efficient(More)
The Amaldi 10 Parallel Session C2 on gravitational wave(GW) search results, data analysis and parameter estimation included three lively sessions of lectures by 13 presenters, and 34 posters. The talks and posters covered a huge range 123 11 Page 2 of 26 P. Astone et al. of material, including results and analysis techniques for ground-based GW detectors ,(More)