S. Andrew Gadsden

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A multilayered neural network is a multi-input, multi-output (MIMO) nonlinear system in which training can be regarded as a nonlinear parameter estimation problem by estimating the network weights. In this paper, the relatively new smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) is used for the training of a nonlinear multilayered feed forward network. The SVSF is(More)
In this paper, a sliding mode control (SMC) strategy is applied to a pulse width modulation (PWM)-driven pneumatic muscle actuator system using high speed on/off solenoid valves. Servo-pneumatic systems with PWM-driven on/off valves can be used instead of expensive servo valves to decrease complexity, weight, and cost of servo-pneumatic systems. Due to the(More)
A multilayered neural network is a multi-input, multi-output nonlinear system in which network weights can be trained by using parameter estimation algorithms. In this paper, a novel training method is proposed. This method is based on the relatively new smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) and is formulated for feed-forward multilayer perceptron(More)
—Target tracking algorithms are important for a number of applications, including: physics, air traffic control, ground vehicle monitoring, and processing medical images. The probabilistic data association algorithm, in conjunction with the Kalman filter (KF), is one of the most popular and well-studied strategies. The relatively new smooth variable(More)
This paper discusses the undervalued importance of Regularized Least Squares, and its continued usefulness in solving supervised and semi-supervised learning problems. The common two moon classification problem was used to study and compare the effectiveness of three methods: the Support Vector Machine (Radial Basis Functions and 6 th Order Polynomials),(More)
The state estimation of targets is a difficult task, particularly if the target exhibits nonlinear behaviour, which is often the case. Currently, the most popular filters used in target tracking are the Kalman filter (KF) and its various forms, as well as the particle filter (PF). Introduced in 2007, the smooth variable structure filter (SVSF) is a(More)