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The concept of a spatial-velocity hodograph is introduced to describe quantitatively the extrusion of a carbon tubule from a catalytic particle. The conditions under which a continuous tubular surface can be generated are discussed in terms of this hodograph, the shape of which determines the geometry of the initial nanotube. The model is consistent with(More)
A model that postulates a mixture of scroll-shaped and concentric, cylindrical graphene sheets is proposed to explain the microstructure of graphite multishell nanotubes grown by arc discharge. The model is consistent with the observed occurrence of a relatively small number of different chiral angles within the same tubule. The model explains clustering in(More)
A short overview is given of the possibilities of electron microscopy in the determination of the local, atomic scale structure of high Tc superconducting materials. Examples include the detection of weak oxygen ordering, description and characterization of deformation modulations in layered superconductors, and analysis of very long period superstructures.(More)
High-resolution electron microscopy and electron diffraction were applied to elucidate the hardening mechanism in an 18-carat gold commercial dental alloy, Au-31.7 at.%,Cu-8.1 at.%,Pd-5.3 at.%,Ag-54.9 at.%. The interface between the AuCu-I ordered platelets and the surrounding Au3Cu ordered phase was analyzed down to the atomic scale. A geometric model for(More)
The superconducting material Y1Ba2Cu3O7-delta has been investigated by electron microscopy. Special attention has been paid to the defects occurring in the material. Twinning on (110) or (110) planes is intrinsically related to the orthorhombicity, and when cooled slowly the twin bands are pseudoperiodic with an average width of approximately 50 nm. The(More)
Electron microscopic study of the reversible P1 to I1 phase transition in anorthite (transition temperature T(c) = 516 Kelvin) shows that the antiphase boundaries (APBs) with the displacement vector R = 1/2[111] become unstable at T(c), and numerous small APB loops are formed. These interfaces are highly mobile, and their vibration frequency increases(More)
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