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Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients commonly have attention and concentration problems. However, it remains unclear how HIV infection affects the attention network. Therefore, blood oxygenation level dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) was performed in 36 subjects (18 HIV and 18 seronegative [SN] controls) during a(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES A previous fMRI study demonstrated increased brain activation during working memory tasks in patients with HIV with mild dementia. The current study aims to determine whether patients who are HIV-1 positive and have normal cognitive function also show increased brain activation on fMRI. METHODS Blood oxygenation level-dependent(More)
Functional MRI studies are very sensitive to motion; head movements of as little as 1-mm translations or 1 degrees rotations may cause spurious signals. An algorithm was developed that uses k-space MRI data to monitor subject motion during functional MRI time series. A k-space weighted average of squared difference between the initial scan and subsequent(More)
Deficits in attention and working memory are common in human immuno deficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected patients, but the pathophysiology of these deficits is poorly understood. Modern neuroimaging techniques, such as proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) and functional MRI (fMRI), can assess some of the processes underlying HIV brain(More)
BACKGROUND Trigonopsis variabilis D-amino acid oxidase (TvDAO) is a well characterized enzyme used for cephalosporin C conversion on industrial scale. However, the demands on the enzyme with respect to activity, operational stability and costs also vary with the field of application. Processes that use the soluble enzyme suffer from fast inactivation of(More)
Pathologic studies have shown an increased lipid content in areas of myocardial infarction (MI). We sought to show the ability of precontrast T1-weighted MRI to noninvasively detect fat deposition in MI and show its association with infarct age. Thirty-two patients with MI were studied. Precontrast inversion-recovery (IR) cine steady-state free precession(More)
To understand the apparently paradoxical appearance of phosphorylase in muscle cultured from patients with McArdle disease, the enzyme in muscle culture was studied immunologically and electrophoretically. Antibody against normal human muscle phosphorylase completely inhibited the enzyme of adult muscle, but it had no effect on phosphorylase activity of(More)
A 10-month-old spayed female Cane Corso dog was evaluated after a 2-month history of progressive blindness, ataxia, and lethargy. Neurologic examination abnormalities indicated a multifocal lesion with primarily cerebral and cerebellar signs. Clinical worsening resulted in humane euthanasia. On necropsy, there was marked astrogliosis throughout white matter(More)
Using inversion recovery steady-state free precession segmented k-space imaging for the detection of myocardial infarction, we noticed that some structures appeared in the wrong locations of the image. In this work, the spatial displacement is demonstrated and explained from both theoretical and experimental points of view. The effect is due to a change in(More)
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