S. Albert Camacho

Learn More
The three cloned alpha1-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes, alpha1B, alpha1C, and alpha1D, can all couple to the same effector, phospholipase C, and the reason(s) for conservation of multiple subtypes remain uncertain. All three alpha1-ARs are expressed natively in cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes, where chronic exposure to the agonist catecholamine(More)
Physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy have directionally opposite changes in transcription of thyroid hormone (TH)-responsive genes, including alpha- and beta-myosin heavy chain (MyHC) and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA), and TH treatment can reverse molecular and functional abnormalities in pathological hypertrophy, such as(More)
Epidemiologic studies indicate that long-term alcohol consumption decreases the incidence of coronary disease and may improve outcome after myocardial infarction. Attenuation of ischemia-reperfusion injury after myocardial infarction improves survival. This study investigates the possibility that alcohol consumption can improve survival after myocardial(More)
In addition to decreasing the incidence of myocardial infarction, recent epidemiological data suggest that regular alcohol consumption improves survival after myocardial infarction. We recently found that chronic ethanol exposure induces long-term protection against cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury, which improves myocardial recovery after infarction.(More)
Sarcomere relaxation depends on dissociation of actin and myosin, which is regulated by a number of factors, including intracellular [MgATP] as well as MgATP hydrolysis products [MgADP] and inorganic phosphate [Pi], pHi, and cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]c). To distinguish the contribution of MgADP from the other regulators in the development of(More)
Assessment of free cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]c) using the acetoxymethyl ester (AM) form of indo-1 may be compromised by loading of indo-1 into noncytosolic compartments, primarily mitochondria. To determine the fraction of noncytosolic fluorescence in whole hearts loaded with indo-1 AM, Mn2+ was used to quench cytosolic fluorescence. Residual (i.e.,(More)
Background: In patients with IBS, many symptoms have their origin in the recto-anal segment, with motility changes in the rectum and in the internal anal sphincter, and alterations in rectal sensitivity. However, up to now, it is not known if these clinical and physiological changes are equated with morphological changes in the recto-anal segment. Methods:(More)
Prolonged myocardial ischemia results in an increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), which is thought to play a critical role in ischemia-reperfusion injury. Ischemic preconditioning (PC) improves myocardial function during ischemia-reperfusion, a process that may involve opening mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channels.(More)
To determine whether cytosolic free calcium ([Ca2+]i) rises during low-flow ischemia and to determine the mechanisms responsible for contractile dysfunction, isolated rat hearts were studied during graded reductions of coronary flow. Indo1 fluorescence at 385- and 456-nm wave-lengths (F385/456) was used as an index of [Ca2+]i. 31P-magnetic resonance(More)
We asked whether thyroid hormone (T4) would improve heart function in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by pressure overload (aortic banding). After banding for 10-22 wk, rats were treated with T4 or saline for 10-14 d. Isovolumic LV pressure and cytosolic [Ca2+] (indo-1) were assessed in perfused hearts. Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA),(More)