S Agoston

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In 25 patients with spasticity, pharmacokinetics and effects of dantrolene sodium were investigated after prolonged administration. A beneficial effect occurred in seven patients. The results were better on 100 mg daily than on a higher daily dose. An increase of the daily dose from 200 to 400 mg was not associated with higher blood levels. Many side(More)
Five healthy human volunteers were anaesthetized on two separate occasions, 1 week apart, using a standard diazepam-ketamine induction followed by an infusion of ketamine for 1 h. Ten minutes after stopping the infusion, either 4-aminopyridine 0.3 mg kg--1 in saline or the same volume of saline alone was administered i.v. It was concluded that(More)
The effect of the acetylcholine releaser 4-aminopyridine on ventilation was studied by recording and quantifying the efferent phrenic nerve activity in 40 paralysed and vagotomized cats; with arterial Po2, PCO2 and pH kept constant. 4-Aminopyridine, given intravenously or in the vertebral artery, stimulates the phrenic nerve activity in a dose dependent(More)
Unexpectedly, it was observed that the P2-purinoceptor antagonist, suramin (10 microM to 1 mM), reversed the muscle paralysis caused by structurally unrelated non-depolarizing relaxants. Suramin competitively reversed the blocking action of pancuronium. Both the pre- and postsynaptic blockade of nicotinic receptors by pancuronium was counteracted, as shown(More)
The influence of bile salts on the duration of action of the steroidal non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent ORG 6368 was investigated in cats. The intravenous administration of ORG 6368 (100 microgram/kg body wt) caused a maximum neuromuscular blockade of 71 +/- 6% with a duration of action of 3.4 +/- 0.1 min. However, intraportal administration of(More)
1. The effects of 4-aminopyridine on the contractility of the fast-contracting tibialis anterior and the slow-contracting soleus muscles of cats under chloralose anaesthesia have been studied. 2. 4-Aminopyridine, in doses of 0.5 mg/kg and above, produced a slowly developing increase in the twitch tension of directly stimulated chronically denervated and of(More)
1. Rats were anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone and maximal twitches of a tibialis anterior muscle were evoked by stimulation of the motor nerve. 2. Suramin, injected intravenously in a series of cumulative bolus doses, each 15 mg kg-1, completely reversed a 90% depression of twitches maintained by a continuous intravenous infusion of pancuronium. The(More)
To elucidate the interaction of 4-aminopyridine with neostigmine and pyridostigmine, the authors studied 57 anesthetized surgical patients using a technique of constant infusion of pancuronium to quantitate antagonist activity. 4-Aminopyridine, 0.15 or 0.35 mg/kg, produced no antagonism, while 0.5 mg/kg produced a mean 24 +/- 6 per cent (peak) antagonism.(More)
The effects of 4-aminopyridine (a non-anticholinesterase antagonist of curare-like agents) on the evoked muscle action potentials (EMAP) in a patient with Eaton Lambert Syndrome are reported. On two separate occasions the i.v. administration of 0.31 mg kg(-1) and 0.62 mg kg(-1) was followed by a 300% increase of EMAP for about 2 h without serious(More)