S Abbadessa Urso

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An investigation was made into the links between electric activity of antral and of duodeno-jejunal musculature in different functional conditions. The function of the gastroduodenal junction in this linking mechanism was analysed. The following observations were made: (a) in the absence of gastric stimulation, the slow electric activities of stomach and(More)
1. Electrical field stimulation (EFS) (0.5 ms in train of 2-32 Hz for 300 ms) in smooth muscle of pigeon oesophagus, in the presence of atropine (1 microm) and guanethidine (1 microm), elicited an inhibitory response consisting of a transient hyperpolarization (inhibitory junction potential, IJP) associated with muscle relaxation. 2. Sodium nitroprusside(More)
The rôle of both peripheral and central mechanism in the control of primary peristalsis was studied in pigeon cervical oesophagus. The results from the transection of oesophageal muscular wall and of extrinsic nerves suggest that: primary peristalsis is programmed centrally. extrinsic motor input is carried in glossopharyngeal nerves and distributed(More)
Swallowing elicits two propagated EMG peristaltic patterns in pigeon cervical oesophagus: i) "simple" peristaltic pattern and ii) "complex" peristaltic pattern. "Simple" peristaltic pattern is characterized by an intense, long-lasting burst of spikes, high in amplitude with an aboral increasing delay in onset. "Complex" peristaltic pattern presents an early(More)
The influence of vagal afferents on the EMG peristaltic pattern was studied in pigeon oesophagus. Bilateral vagotomy did not abolish the primary peristalsis, but induced significant modifications of the peristaltic pattern parameters. Vagal afferent stimulation induced an inhibitory effect consisting of a temporary break or definitive block of the EMG(More)
The effects of the efferent glossopharyngeal nerve stimulation, on EMG activity of the pigeon cervical oesophagus, were studied. In control animals, stimulation caused a biphasic response characterized by an intra-stimulus excitatory component followed by a post-stimulus inhibitory one. The EMG response to glossopharyngeal stimulation appeared(More)
Pigeon oesophageal smooth muscle in vitro has spontaneous electromechanical activity. In the presence of atropine and guanethidine, electrical field stimulation evokes a transient TTX-sensitive response comprising inhibition of electric bursting activity and muscular relaxation. This NANC inhibitory response was analysed using the K+ channel blockers TEA(More)