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In 1993 a destructive new Phytophthora pathogen of riparian Alnus trees was discovered in the UK and subsequently shown to be present in other parts of Europe. The new Phytophthora comprised a group of emergent heteroploid hybrids, probably between P. cambivora and a species related to P. fragariae. These included a common, near tetraploid standard hybrid,(More)
A Phytophthora pathogen of trees and shrubs previously designated Phytophthora sp. O-group is formally named as P. inundata sp. nov. P. inundata falls within the P. gonapodyides-P. megasperma major ITS Clade 6, its present nearest known relative being P. humicola. It has non-papillate sporangia, fairly large oogonia (average ca 40 microns) with thick walled(More)
A new Phytophthora pathogen of trees and shrubs, previously informally designated Phytophthora taxon C, is formally named here as P. kernoviae. P. kernoviae was discovered in late 2003 during surveys of woodlands in Cornwall, south-west England, for the presence of another invasive pathogen, P. ramorum. P. kernoviae is self-fertile (homothallic), having(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To review and critique the research literature on children's and young people's participation in health care decision-making, to highlight gaps in the research and to identify implications for nursing practice. BACKGROUND Children have a right to participate in decisions about their lives. The recognition of this, along with greater(More)
OBJECTIVE Great importance has been attached to a culture of safe practice in healthcare organisations, but it has proved difficult to engage frontline staff with this complex concept. The present study aimed to develop and test a framework for making the concept of safety culture meaningful and accessible to managers and frontline staff, and facilitating(More)
In the United Kingdom a new group of children with intensive and complex health care needs are now being cared for at home as a result of medical advances and government policies emphasising the community as the arena for care. This has led their parents to become involved in providing care of a highly technical and intensive nature that would previously(More)
BACKGROUND Telecare could greatly facilitate chronic disease management in the community, but despite government promotion and positive demonstrations its implementation has been limited. This study aimed to identify factors inhibiting the implementation and integration of telecare systems for chronic disease management in the community. METHODS Large(More)
  • Susan Kirk
  • International journal of nursing studies
  • 2007
BACKGROUND There is an increasing interest in involving children in research that has been influenced by the recognition of children's rights and by the reconceptualisation of children within the social sciences as active agents rather than as the objects of research. OBJECTIVES To review the methodological and ethical issues involved in conducting(More)
Little is known about the experiences of parents caring for a child through long-term treatment for cleft lip and/or cleft palate. We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 parents with children between the ages of 20 weeks and 21 years to explore experiences across the treatment program. We analyzed the data using a constructivist grounded theory approach(More)
  • S Kirk
  • Child: care, health and development
  • 2008
BACKGROUND The disabled child population now incorporates a group of children and young people with complex healthcare needs, many of whom are supported by medical devices and technologies. Little is known about their experiences and perspectives, particularly in relation to transitions. METHODS Twenty-eight young people aged between 8 and 19 years old(More)