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The worldwide use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among cancer patients has increased, with breast cancer patients being more likely to use CAM compared with any other cancer patients. However, few surveys have systematically described CAM use among Korean breast cancer patients. This study investigated the use of CAM among patients who were(More)
The Korean Hereditary Breast Cancer (KOHBRA) study was established to evaluate the prevalence and spectrum of BRCA1/2 mutations in Korean breast cancer patients at risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. A total of 2953 subjects (2403 index patients and 550 family members of affected carriers) from 36 centers participated in this study between May(More)
AIMS The primary aims of the Korean Hereditary Breast Cancer (KOHBRA) study are to estimate the prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations and ovarian cancer among a high-risk group of patients with hereditary breast cancer and their families. MATERIALS AND METHODS The KOHBRA study is a prospective multicentre cohort identifying cases and their families. Between May(More)
It is well known that graphene is a very promising material due to its excellent physical, chemical, and thermal properties. Previously, ridges in graphene on a substrate were found in epitaxial graphene on a SiC substrate. It was found in this study that ridges can be made on a graphene layer via mechanical exfoliation on a sapphire substrate, and that(More)
The wetting behaviour of surfaces is believed to be affected by van der Waals (vdW) forces; however, there is no clear demonstration of this. With the isolation of two-dimensional vdW layered materials it is possible to test this hypothesis. In this paper, we report the wetting behaviour of vdW heterostructures which include chemical vapor deposition (CVD)(More)
We have fabricated highly sensitive and low noise solid-state nanopores with multiple layers of boron nitride (BN) membranes transferred onto a pyrex substrate. Both the dielectric and flicker noise of the device, which have been described as one of the bottlenecks to making highly sensitive 2-D membrane nanopore devices, have been reduced as follows.(More)
Recently, piezoelectricity has been observed in 2D atomically thin materials, such as hexagonal-boron nitride, graphene, and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). Specifically, exfoliated monolayer MoS2 exhibits a high piezoelectricity that is comparable to that of traditional piezoelectric materials. However, monolayer TMD materials are not regarded as(More)
Because of the low solubility of N atoms in metals, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) growth has explained by surface reaction on metal rather than by penetration/precipitation of B and N atoms in metal. Here, we present an impressive pathway of h-BN formation at the interface between Ni and oxide substrate based on B-N molecular diffusion into Ni through(More)
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