Learn More
Alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT, EC and glycine aminotransferase (GlyAT, EC, two different enzymes catalyzing transamination reactions with L-alanine as the amino-acid substrate, were examined in maize in which alanine participates substantially in nitrogen transport. Preparative PAGE of a partially purified preparation of(More)
This study describes the development of a new colorimetric assay to determine aromatic amino acid aminotransferase (ArAT) activity. The assay is based on the transamination of l-tryptophan in the presence of 2-oxoglutarate, which yields indole-3-pyruvate (IPyA). The amount of IPyA formed was quantified by reaction with the Salkowski reagent. Optimized assay(More)
Starch is the most abundant storage carbohydrate produced in plants. The initiation of transitory starch synthesis and degradation in plastids depends mainly on diurnal cycle, post-translational regulation of enzyme activity and starch phosphorylation. For the proper structure of starch granule the activities of all starch synthase isoenzymes, branching(More)
Barley biotypes from the world collection differ in their storage protein content even till 200 %. This is the first report including results of the research, in which the structure of grains containing different amount of protein was tested to explain this difference. The endosperm was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. The structure of the(More)
Exposure to low temperatures is one of the most important factors that generate abiotic stress in plants, and the rapid accumulation of soluble sugars belongs to significant metabolic responses to cold stress. The accumulation of soluble sugars may be at least partially triggered by an increased rate of starch degradation. The analysis of transcript(More)
Water-deficit is accompanied by an increase in proteolysis. Phytocystatins are plant inhibitors of cysteine proteinases that belong to the papain and legumain family. A cDNA encoding the protein inhibitor TrcC-8 was identified in the vegetative organs of triticale. In response to water-deficit, increases in the mRNA levels of TrcC-8 were observed in leaf(More)
During starch metabolism, the phosphorylation of glucosyl residues of starch, to be more precise of amylopectin, is a repeatedly observed process. This phosphorylation is mediated by dikinases, the glucan, water dikinase (GWD) and the phosphoglucan, water dikinase (PWD). The starch-related dikinases utilize ATP as dual phosphate donor transferring the(More)
A loss of dehydration tolerance in wheat seedlings on the fifth day following imbibition is associated with a disturbance in cellular redox homeostasis, as documented by a shift of the reduced/oxidized glutathione ratio to a more oxidized state and a significant increase in the ratio of protein thiols to the total thiol group content. Therefore, the(More)
Phytocystatins are a group of proteins with significant potential to regulate activities of cysteine proteinases of native and pest/pathogen origins. The two-domain triticale (x Triticosecale Wittm.) phytocystatin TrcC-8 was characterized in this study. This protein belongs to the second group of phytocystatins and contains all the conserved sequences and(More)
Alanine aminotransferase (AlaAT, EC from leaves of 14-day-old maize seedlings was purified over 1600-fold to electrophoretical homogeneity. Specific activity of the purified enzyme measured with L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate as substrates was 2125 nkat·(mg protein)−1 at 30 °C. The molecular weights of the native and sodium dodecyl sulfate —(More)