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OBJECTIVE The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiovascular disease is intensively discussed. Endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule (E-selectin) is one of factors facilitating leukocyte migration to the subendothelial layer which could be considered proatherogenic. The aim of the study was to determine E-selectin levels and total(More)
Insulin resistance is the first step in glucose intolerance and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, thus effective prevention strategies should also include dietary interventions to enhance insulin sensitivity. Nutrients, such as microelement chromium(III) and thiamine, play regulatory roles in carbohydrate metabolism. The objective of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE Onconeuronal antibodies are important diagnostic tool in patients with suspicion of paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS). However, their role in PNS pathophysiology and specificity for particular neurological manifestation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate onconeuronal and antineuronal antibodies in patients with(More)
UNLABELLED The relationship between hyperglycemia and oxidative stress in diabetes is well known, but the influence of metabolic disturbances recognized as prediabetes, in elderly patients especially, awaits for an explanation. METHODS 52 elderly persons (65 years old and older) with no acute or severe chronic disorders were assessed: waist circumference(More)
While neurotrophins mediate cell survival and proliferation in the nervous system, they are also expressed within peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of the immunological system. In multiple sclerosis (MS) neurotrophins released from PBMCs might play a neuroprotective role, delaying neurodegeneration within central nervous system. We aimed for(More)
In this paper, we describe a simple taxonomic approach for clinical data mining elaborated by Marczewski and Steinhaus (M-S), whose performance equals the advanced statistical methodology known as the expectation-maximization (E-M) algorithm. We tested these two methods on a cohort of ischemic stroke patients. The comparison of both methods revealed strong(More)
Cerebellar degeneration may be recognized as a remote effect of a growing tumor. We have analysed serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), thyroxine and insulin to elucidate the pathomechanism which may be of importance for the development of central degeneration in cachectic Morris(More)
OBJECTIVES Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS), causing cognitive impairment in 45-65% of patients. Beta-NGF facilitates proper cholinergic transmission in the healthy CNS. In MS-damaged tissue there is a relative deficit of neurotrophins that might be compensated(More)
Adhesion molecules are involved in nerve growth, synaptic plasticity and myelin formation and maintenance process. Neural cell adhesion molecule (CD56 or NCAM) seems to play a crucial role in all the above-mentioned events. Having found poly-sialylated NCAM increased re-expression on demyelinated axons within multiple sclerosis plaques we assessed soluble(More)
Platelet-Endothelial-Cell-Adhesion-Molecule-1 (PECAM-1) and Human-Vascular-CAM-1 (VCAM-1) are adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte-endothelial interaction. In our study serum levels of sPECAM-1 and sVCAM-1 were measured (ELISA) in twenty-nine patients during their first monosymptomatic optic neuritis (ON) episode. Anti-aquaporin-4-antibodies (AQP4-IgG)(More)