Fracture of the occipital condyle is a rare problem that can easily be overlooked. We report a patient with occipital condyle fracture who was neurologically intact on admission, and who developed hypoglossal nerve palsy in the late posttraumatic period. The diagnosis was facilitated by the aid of computed tomography.
BACKGROUND Extensive research has focused on neuroprotection after spinal cord trauma to alleviate the effects of secondary injury. This study aims to investigate the neuroprotective effects of gabapentin in experimental spinal cord injury. METHODS Thirty-six adult, male Wistar rats received spinal cord injury using the clip compression method. Animals… (More)
A prospective analysis of 153 cases of head trauma was conducted with respect to their white blood cell counts. A white blood cell count exceeding 20 x 10(6)/l is associated with a poor clinical grade on admission and with a 96% mortality as opposed to that of a 23% mortality for those with slightly lower or slightly above normal white blood cell count. The… (More)
OBJECTIVE One of the important causes of failed back surgery is the extensive peridural fibrosis collecting in the surgical field after spinal surgeries. Today we know that inflammatory mechanisms mediated by the immune system of the body plays an important role in generation of fibrosis. Azithromycin, a macrolide antibiotic, has proven immunomodulatory… (More)
OBJECTIVE The authors present the results of Gamma Knife stereotactic radiosurgery performed in a series of children with arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS Between June 2005 and January 2014, 75 patients 18 years old or younger received Gamma Knife radiosurgery for AVMs. Of these, 58 patients were eligible for further analysis. The median age of… (More)
AIM To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen treatment on epidural fibrosis formation in an experimental laminectomy model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-four Wistar rats underwent L5-L6 total laminectomy and divided into three groups. Animals in the control group received no further treatment while animals in short and long term groups received 2,5… (More)
The effect of 2-chloroadenosine, stable adenosine analog, and deoxycoformycin, adenosine deaminase inhibitor on brain ATP level and Na-K ATPase activity in ischemia were studied. The brain ATP level was increased after we administered both 2-chloroadenosine and deoxycoformycin, but Na-K ATPase activity did not change after deoxycoformycin. The results… (More)
BACKGROUND Fractures in the region of the sella turcica (ST) are usually associated with severe blunt head trauma and may produce many complications. The true incidence is difficult to assess since there have been only about 30 cases reported in the literature. METHODS A total of 470 computed tomography (CT) sections--with optimum bone window images of… (More)
We present 31 patients whose diagnoses were established by the aid of computed tomographic ventriculography. The indications for and diagnostic value of this method are reviewed.
We describe a new computer-based, automated method for the assessment of in vivo cerebral vasospasm. Arterial diameter measurements were performed on post-processed digital substraction angiographic images, using "pixel" as the unit. Vasospasm which was difficult to detect by visual inspection could be measured by the "stenosis quantification" program. A… (More)