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OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of orlistat on the maintenance of weight loss over 3 years following a major weight loss induced by very-low-energy diet (VLED) in obese patients with metabolic risk factors such as dyslipidemia, impaired fasting glucose, and diet-treated type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Initially, weight loss was induced(More)
Inhibitors of the serotonin transporter (SERT) and norepinephrine transporter (NET) are widely used in the treatment of major depressive disorder. Although SERT/NET selectivity is a key determinant for the therapeutic properties of these drugs, the molecular determinants defining SERT/NET selectivity are poorly understood. In this study, the structural(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity may be associated with a lowered use of fat as a fuel, which may contribute to the enlarged adipose tissue stores. AIM The aim of the present study was to study fatty acid use in the fasting state and in response to a high fat load in a large cohort of obese subjects (n = 701) and a lean reference group (n = 113). METHODS Subjects(More)
Objective: To study the association between anthropometric and metabolic parameters as well as the effect of weight loss on plasma levels of the adipose tissue-derived cytokines interleukin-8 (IL-8), inter-leukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) in abdominal obese men. Subjects: Nineteen obese (mean body mass index (BMI): 38:6^0:6 kg=m 2) and(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously reported that a fat-reduced high-protein diet had more favourable effects on body weight loss over 6 months than a medium-protein diet. OBJECTIVE To extend this observation by a further 6-12 months less stringent intervention and a 24 months follow-up. DESIGN A randomised 6 months strictly controlled dietary intervention(More)
BACKGROUND A common single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of FTO (rs9939609, T/A) is associated with total body fatness. We investigated the association of this SNP with abdominal and peripheral fatness and obesity-related metabolic traits in middle-aged men through a broad range of fatness present already in adolescence. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS(More)
OBJECTIVES To study if genes with common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with obesity-related phenotypes influence weight loss (WL) in obese individuals treated by a hypo-energetic low-fat or high-fat diet. DESIGN Randomised, parallel, two-arm, open-label multi-centre trial. SETTING Eight clinical centres in seven European countries.(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine whether overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher basal and 24-h energy expenditure compared with healthy control subjects before and after adjustment for body composition, spontaneous physical activity (SPA), sex, and age. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Data from 31 subjects with type(More)
Wholegrain foods have received much attention in recent years, and have been proposed to play a role in energy regulation through lowering of postprandial glycemia and appetite. This randomized crossover single meal study in 16 young adults was conducted to test the effect of iso-caloric meals based on wholemeal wheat breads and pasta in comparison to(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease risk can be estimated in part on the basis of the plasma lipoprotein profile. Analysis of lipoprotein subclasses improves the risk evaluation, but the traditional methods are very time-consuming. Novel, rapid, and productive methods are therefore needed. METHODS We obtained plasma samples from 103 fasting people and(More)