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The immunoreceptor programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) is reported to play an important role in the regulation of peripheral tolerance in rodents, and it was recently shown that a polymorphism in a regulatory site of the PD-1 gene is associated with susceptibility to the autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in humans. We investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have suggested different prevalence of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) in different ethnic groups. However, data on the incidence and prevalence of NMO in Caucasians are scarce. OBJECTIVE To estimate the incidence and prevalence of NMO in a predominantly Caucasian population based on the Wingerchuk 2006 criteria. METHODS The(More)
AIM To determine the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed coeliac disease (CD) in Danish children and adolescents and to describe trends over time. METHODS All children with a CD diagnosis registered in the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) were included in the study. Data were validated by combining this information with registrations of(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a disease with autoimmune characteristics. A genetic autoimmune dependency for NMO has not been clarified in detail. OBJECTIVE To investigate immunogenetic aspects of NMO. METHODS Forty-one patients with NMO and 42 patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) were diagnosed in a population-based Caucasian cohort. HLA(More)
Major surgical procedures induce an endocrine metabolic stress response characterized by increased secretion of adrenaline and cortisol. Furthermore, surgical stress is accompanied by granulocytosis in peripheral blood. The granulocytosis may be due to increased adrenaline and cortisol secretion. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
Mercuric chloride induces in BN rats a self-limiting systemic autoimmune disease characterized by proliferation of autoreactive CD4+ T lymphocytes, polyclonal activation of B lymphocytes, and the development of an anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis with concomitant nephrotic range proteinuria. We have used this model of autoimmune disease to(More)
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a common organ-specific autoimmune disease of complex aetiology, involving the interaction of a large number of disease-associated genes. By comparison of a Danish population sample of 253 Caucasian children and adolescents with T1D and a control group consisted of 354 unrelated healthy blood donors, the present study provides(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the bacterial communities in raw milk and in Danish raw milk cheeses using pyrosequencing of tagged amplicons of the V3 and V4 regions of the 16S rDNA and cDNA. Furthermore, the effects of acidification and ripening starter cultures, cooking temperatures and rate of acidification on survival of added Escherichia coli,(More)
PURPOSE We present a report of a child with subclinical immunodeficiency who became chronically infected with parvovirus resulting in pancytopenia and morphologic abnormalities in the bone marrow mimicking myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). PATIENTS An 8-year-old boy presented with severe anemia, moderate thrombocytopenia and granulocytopenia. The patient(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was performed to 1) determine the prevalence of celiac disease in Danish children with type 1 diabetes and 2) estimate the clinical effects of a gluten-free diet (GFD) in patients with diabetes and celiac disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a region comprising 24% of the Danish population, all patients <16 years old with type 1(More)