Søren Munch Kristiansen

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Dating of prehistoric anthropogenic earthworks requires either excavation for archaeological artifacts or macroscopic organic matter suitable for 14C analysis. Yet, the former, in many cases, is undesirable and the latter is difficult to obtain. Here we present a soil science procedure, which has the potential to overcome these problems. It includes careful(More)
Importance Results from animal and human studies suggest that lithium in therapeutic doses may improve learning and memory and modify the risk of developing dementia. Additional preliminary studies suggest that subtherapeutic levels, including microlevels of lithium, may influence human cognition. Objective To investigate whether the incidence of dementia(More)
During neonatal resuscitation, the routine use of capnography to verify correct placement of the endotracheal tube is not an established international practice. We present four cases that illustrate the successful use of immediate capnography to verify correct tracheal tube placement even in extremely low birthweight (ELBW) prematures (< 1000 g) during(More)
Iodine is essential for human health. Many countries have therefore introduced universal salt iodising (USI) programmes to ensure adequate intake for the populations. However, little attention has been paid to subnational differences in iodine intake from drinking water caused by naturally occurring spatial variations. To address this issue, we here present(More)
The naturally occurring geogenic elements iodine (I), lithium (Li), and strontium (Sr) have a beneficial effect on human health. Iodine has an essential role in human metabolism while Li and Sr are used, respectively, as a treatment for various mental disorders and for post-menopausal osteoporosis. The aim here is to evaluate the potential for future(More)
The Younger Dryas (YD) cold interval is one of the most abrupt climate events of Earth's recent history. The origin of this rapid, severe cooling episode is still widely debated, but it was probably triggered by a large freshwater influx to the North Atlantic resulting in disruption of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. The YD termination,(More)
The nano-form of copper (Cu-NPs) is already extensively used. In this paper the toxic effect of Cu in the worm Enchytraeus crypticus (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) was assessed following exposure to (1) Cu-salt: freshly spiked soil with copper-nitrate, (2) Cu-NPs: freshly spiked soil with Cu nanoparticles (80nm), and (3) Cu-field: historically Cu contaminated(More)
Erica tetralix is the key species on NW European wet heathlands, where it is often found to be the dominating plant species. Consequently, it is of considerable concern that the species has decreased significantly in cover from 28% to 18% over a six-year period. In order to understand the underlying causes, a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach was(More)
© The Ecological Society of America www.frontiersinecology.org D some improvement in environmental outcomes, conventional agriculture continues to contribute to biodiversity loss, climate change, and the degradation of terrestrial and freshwater systems (Foley et al. 2011 ). A major global challenge is to develop sustainable, “climatesmart” agricultural(More)
In areas where water is a major source of dietary iodine (I), the I concentration in drinking water is an important factor for public health and epidemiological understandings. In Denmark, almost all of the drinking water is originating from groundwater. Therefore, understanding the I variation in groundwater and governing factors and processes are crucial.(More)