Søren Grove

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Fish nodaviruses (betanodaviruses) are small, non-enveloped icosahedral single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses that can cause viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) in a number of cultured marine teleost species, including Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus). A recombinant protein vaccine and a DNA vaccine were produced, based on the same(More)
Cardiomyopathy syndrome (CMS) is a severe disease affecting large farmed Atlantic salmon. Mortality often appears without prior clinical signs, typically shortly prior to slaughter. We recently reported the finding and the complete genomic sequence of a novel piscine reovirus (PRV), which is associated with another cardiac disease in Atlantic salmon; heart(More)
Following a natural outbreak of viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) at a commercial farm in Norway, surviving Atlantic halibut, Hippoglossus hippoglossus, were sequentially studied for distribution of nodavirus, immune response and histopathology over 1 year. Typical clinical signs and histopathology of VER were observed during the acute stage of the(More)
Infectious salmon anemia (ISA) is an orthomyxoviral disease that has had devastating effects on farmed Atlantic salmon. ISA is still a disease resulting in continued loss of revenues and therefore development of effective vaccines is of great importance. Commercial vaccines against ISA are available, but the efficacy is poorly described. There is little(More)
Piscine orthoreovirus (PRV) is associated with heart- and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). We have performed detailed sequence analysis of the PRV genome with focus on putative encoded proteins, compared with prototype strains from mammalian (MRV T3D)- and avian orthoreoviruses (ARV-138), and aquareovirus(More)
The development and validation of a novel competitive real-time RT-PCR assay for the absolute quantitation of RNA from a piscine nodavirus are described. The assay utilises simultaneous amplification of target RNA and a recombinant RNA competitor in a single reaction, using the same pair of primers. The target and competitor products are distinguished by(More)
In this study we report the differences in distribution and retention of Aeromonas salmonicida antigens after vaccination with two different vaccines. Parr of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) were given intraperitoneal injections of either a commercial, monovalent furunculosis vaccine (Apoject) or live, attenuated A. salmonicida (DeltaaroA). Fish were sampled(More)
Previously undocumented phenotypical and genetic variation was identified amongst isolates of Moritella viscosa collected from various geographical locations and from different fish species. The studied isolates could be split into 2 major phenotypically and genetically different clusters, one of which was consistent with the species type strain (NCIMB(More)
Large batches of human cultured T cells (CTC) were cryopreserved for later use as responder cells in a proliferation assay for measurement of interleukin (IL)-2 activity. Cryopreservation of CTC could be carried out without considerable loss in viability and cryopreserved and fresh cells showed equally good responses to IL-2. The conditions of(More)
The present study reports the quantitative analysis of the spatio-temporal development of nodavirus infection and corresponding immune response in juvenile Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus) challenged by intramuscular injection of nodavirus. Novel quantitative real-time RT-PCR protocols were applied to evaluate the absolute copy numbers of(More)