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BACKGROUND Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to a degeneration of the nucleus basalis of Meynert and thus to decreased cholinergic tonus in the brain. The transcription of endothelial nitric oxide synthase depends on an adequate cholinergic innervation of microvessels and vasoregulative abnormalities have been reported in AD. We investigated activation-flow(More)
OBJECTIVE Active or passive immunisation can mitigate plaque pathology in murine models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recently, it has been shown that antibodies against beta-amyloid (Abeta) are present in human immunoglobulin preparations (IVIgG), which specifically recognise and inhibit the neurotoxic effects of Abeta. This study reports the results from a(More)
Dualistic effects of acetylcholine-esterase inhibitors on neuronal as well as vasoregulative function have been debated. This study investigated for the first time effects of medication on both components. Visually evoked potentials and resultant hemodynamic responses were assessed in Alzheimer patients (n=31) without vascular lesions in a MRI scan and(More)
The activation-flow coupling describes a mechanism, which adapts local cerebral blood flow in accordance with the underlying neuronal activity. It was suggested that the mechanism helps in differentiation between Alzheimer and vascular type of dementia. We combined EEG and Doppler techniques and assessed integrity of the activation-flow coupling in the(More)
The apolipoprotein E epsilon4 (ApoE epsilon4) allele is a strong susceptibility factor for Alzheimer disease, which promotes neurodegeneration and cerebrovascular dysfunction. To address this issue in more detail, we simultaneously obtained visual evoked potentials and resultant hemodynamic responses in newly diagnosed Alzheimer patients without signs of(More)
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