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We tested the expression of genes coding receptors of a cutaneous serotoninergic/melatoninergic system in whole human skin and in normal and pathologic cultured skin cells. Evaluation of serotonin (5HT), melatonin (MT), and melatonin-related receptors (MRR) showed expression of the isoforms 5HT2B, 5HT7, and MT1 genes in almost all the tested samples.(More)
beta-Endorphin is an opioid peptide cleaved from the precursor pro-hormone pro-opiomelanocortin, from which other peptides such as adrenocorticotropic hormone, beta-lipotropic hormone, and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone are also derived. alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone are well documented to regulate human skin(More)
We investigated the cutaneous expression of genes and enzymes responsible for the multistep conversion of tryptophan to serotonin and further to melatonin. Samples tested were human skin, normal and pathologic (basal cell carcinoma and melanoma), cultured normal epidermal and follicular melanocytes, melanoma cell lines, normal neonatal and adult epidermal(More)
We are currently experiencing a spectacular surge in our knowledge of skin function both at the organ and organismal levels, much of this due to a flurry of cutaneous neuroendocrinologic data, that positions the skin as a major sensor of the periphery. As our body's largest organ, the skin incorporates all major support systems including blood, muscle and(More)
The pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone, and adrenocorticotropic hormone, are important mediators of human skin pigmentation via action at the melanocortin-1 receptor. Recent data suggests that such a regulatory role also exists for the endogenous opiate, beta-endorphin (beta-END). A role for this beta-END in(More)
Study of the involvement of the hair follicle papilla in hair growth regulation was greatly facilitated by the isolation and cultivation of this tiny cluster of fibroblast-like cells in the rat vibrissae and in the human hair follicle. While isolation of the hair follicle papilla from the former is relatively straightforward, the current method to isolate(More)
Human epidermal melanocytes hold the full capacity for autocrine de novo synthesis/regulation/recycling of the essential cofactor 6-tetrahydrobiopterin (6BH(4)) for conversion of L-phenylalanine via phenylalanine hydroxylase to L-tyrosine and for production of L-Dopa via tyrosine hydroxylase to initiate both pigmentation and catecholamine synthesis in these(More)
The proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived peptides, ACTH and alpha-MSH, are the principal mediators of human skin pigmentation via their action at the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC-1R). Recent data have demonstrated the existence of a functionally active beta-endorphin/mu-opiate receptor system in both epidermal and hair follicle melanocytes, whereby(More)
The proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene and protein are expressed principally in the pituitary and brain (e.g., hypothalamus). The POMC gene, protein, and derived peptides, however, can also be detected in the skin. It appears that POMC can also be processed in the skin, a tissue that also expresses the prohormone convertases PC1 and PC2 and 7B2 protein. All(More)
The presence of albumin in the human epidermis has been reported more than a decade ago, but until now, it was assumed that this protein is synthesized in the liver and transported to the avascular skin. To our knowledge, transcription of albumin in the human epidermis was never considered. In this report, we present for the first time evidence for(More)
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