Sónia S. Leal

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S100A6 is a small EF-hand calcium- and zinc-binding protein involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and cytoskeletal dynamics. It is overexpressed in neurodegenerative disorders and a proposed marker for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). Following recent reports of amyloid formation by S100 proteins, we investigated the aggregation properties of(More)
The biological insertion of iron-sulfur clusters (Fe-S) involves the interaction of (metallo) chaperons with a partly folded target polypeptide. In this respect, the study of nonnative protein conformations in iron-sulfur proteins is relevant for the understanding of the folding process and cofactor assembly. We have investigated the formation of a molten(More)
The integral endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-membrane protein VAP-B interacts with various lipid-transfer/binding proteins containing an FFAT motif through its N-terminal MSP domain. A genetic mutation within its MSP domain, P56S, was identified in familial forms of motor neuron diseases. This mutation induces the formation of insoluble VAP-B(P56S) protein(More)
The ferredoxin from the thermoacidophile Acidianus ambivalens is a representative of the archaeal family of di-cluster [3Fe-4S][4Fe-4S] ferredoxins. Previous studies have shown that these ferredoxins are intrinsically very stable and led to the suggestion that upon protein unfolding the iron-sulfur clusters degraded via linear three-iron sulfur center(More)
Lactoperoxidase (LPO) belongs to the mammalian peroxidase family and catalyzes the oxidation of halides, pseudo-halides and a number of aromatic substrates at the expense of hydrogen peroxide. Despite the complex physiological role of LPO and its potential involvement in carcinogenic mechanisms, cystic fibrosis and inflammatory processes, little is known on(More)
The SOR (sulphur oxygenase reductase) is the initial enzyme in the sulphur-oxidation pathway of Acidianus ambivalens. Expression of the sor gene in Escherichia coli resulted in active, soluble SOR and in inclusion bodies from which active SOR could be refolded as long as ferric ions were present in the refolding solution. Wild-type, recombinant and refolded(More)
Lactoperoxidase (LPO) is a structurally complex and stable mammalian redox enzyme. Here we aim at evaluating the influence of ionic interactions and how these intertwine with the structural dynamics, stability and activity of LPO. In this respect, we have compared LPO guanidinium hydrochloride (GdmCl) and urea denaturation pathways and performed a detailed(More)
More than 20 distinct gene loci have so far been implicated in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration of motor neurons (MN) and death. Most of this distinct set of ALS-related proteins undergoes toxic deposition specifically in MN for reasons which remain unclear. Here we(More)
Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) is a Cu/Zn metalloenzyme that aggregates in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disorder. Correct metal insertion during SOD1 biosynthesis is critical to prevent misfolding; however Zn(2+) can bind to the copper-site leading to an aberrantly metallated protein. These effects of Zn(2+) misligation on(More)