Learn More
With the emerging role of NF-kappa B in cancer it is important that its responses to stimuli relevant to tumor progression and therapy are understood. Here, we demonstrate that NF-kappa B induced by cytotoxic stimuli, such as ultraviolet light (UV-C) and the chemotherapeutic drugs daunorubicin/doxorubicin, is functionally distinct to that seen with the(More)
Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are a group of inherited metabolic disorders individually considered as rare, and few data on its prevalence has been reported in the literature. The overall birth prevalence of the 29 different LSDs studied in the Portuguese population was calculated to be 25/100000 live births, twice the prevalence previously described in(More)
The p53 and NF-kappaB transcription factor families are important, multifunctional regulators of the cellular response to stress. Here we have investigated the regulatory mechanisms controlling p53-dependent cell cycle arrest and cross talk with NF-kappaB. Upon induction of p53 in H1299 or U-2 OS cells, we observed specific repression of cyclin D1 promoter(More)
Hypoxia induces profound changes in the cellular gene expression profile. The discovery of a major transcription factor family activated by hypoxia, HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor), and the factors that contribute to HIF regulation have greatly enhanced our knowledge of the molecular aspects of the hypoxic response. However, in addition to HIF, other(More)
HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) is the main transcription factor activated by low oxygen tensions. HIF-1alpha (and other alpha subunits) is tightly controlled mostly at the protein level, through the concerted action of a class of enzymes called PHDs (prolyl hydroxylases) 1, 2 and 3. Most of the knowledge of HIF derives from studies following hypoxic stress;(More)
The RelA (p65) nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) subunit can contribute towards tumor cell survival through inducing the expression of a variety of antiapoptotic genes. However, the NF-kappaB response can show great diversity and is not always antiapoptotic. Here, we find that cisplatin, a DNA cross-linking agent and commonly used anticancer compound, does(More)
NF-κB activation is a critical component in the transcriptional response to hypoxia. However, the underlying mechanisms that control its activity under these conditions are unknown. Here we report that under hypoxic conditions, IκB kinase (IKK) activity is induced through a calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase 2 (CaMK2)-dependent pathway distinct from that(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) are α-ketoglutarate (αKG)-dependent dioxygenases that function as cellular oxygen sensors. However, PHD activity also depends on factors other than oxygen, especially αKG, a key metabolic compound closely linked to amino-acid metabolism. We examined the connection between amino-acid availability and(More)
A new myxosporean parasite is described from the gall bladder of the gilthead seabream Sparus aurata in a Southern Portuguese fish farm, with basis on light and transmission electron microscopy, as well as in molecular procedures. In the bile, young and mature mono- to disporic plasmodia were elliptical and presented smooth surface membranes.(More)
Mammals have developed evolutionarily conserved programs of transcriptional response to hypoxia and inflammation. These stimuli commonly occur together in vivo and there is significant crosstalk between the transcription factors that are classically understood to respond to either hypoxia or inflammation. This crosstalk can be used to modulate the overall(More)