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Immature zygotic embryos from 20 open-pollinated (OP) families of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) plus trees were screened for their somatic embryogenic capacity. The best time for zygotic embryo collection was between 30th June and 16th July 1999 when most embryos were at a pre-cotyledonary stage of development. The somatic embryogenesis (SE) initiation(More)
In order to determine the suitability of reference or housekeeping genes as internal controls in real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) assays for quantification of target mRNAs, we studied the levels of expression of four candidate reference genes in maritime pine by real-time RT-PCR. The expression levels obtained for(More)
Rab-related small GTP-binding proteins are known to be involved in the regulation of the vesicular transport system in eukaryotic cells. We report the characterization of a previously isolated full-length cDNA PpRab1 from Pinus pinaster. Amino acid sequence analysis revealed the presence of G1–G5 conserved domains of the GTPase Ras superfamily and a double(More)
Glutathione is the major non-protein thiol to which many different roles in the central nervous system (CNS) are attributed. To further investigate the glutathione response in the CNS, we tested the effect of three stress models on glutathione levels in the brain. We tested the effect of two models of repeated intraspecific agonistic interaction in mice. No(More)
OBJECTIVES To estimate the national prevalence of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) in the adult Portuguese population and to determine their impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), physical function, anxiety and depression. METHODS EpiReumaPt is a national health survey with a three-stage approach. First, 10 661 adult participants(More)
Rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are prevalent and leading causes of disability and consumption of healthcare and social resources. EpiReumaPt is a national population-based survey developed by the Portuguese Society of Rheumatology that aimed to estimate the prevalence of RMDs and determine their impact on function, quality of life, mental(More)
The objective of the present work was to study the effects of erythrocyte proteins phosphorylation in erythrocyte aggregation and deformability. Human whole blood samples were incubated in vitro in absent and in presence of the phosphorylation/dephosphorilation band 3 inhibitors and also with adenylyl cyclase, guanylate cyclase and PI3K inhibitors and the(More)
Over the last years, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been the focus of intense research toward the finding of a viable alternative to current antifungal drugs. Defensins are one of the major families of AMPs and the most represented among all eukaryotic groups, providing an important first line of host defense against pathogenic microorganisms. Several(More)
Fibrinogen is a blood plasma protein that plays a crucial role in hemostasis. It is known that erythrocyte aggregation increases in the presence of fibrinogen, and that β-estradiol decreases erythrocyte aggregation with a constant fibrinogen concentration. In this work, we have used intrinsic tryptophan fluorescence to obtain information on the(More)
Erythrocyte hyperaggregation, a cardiovascular risk factor, is considered to be caused by an increase in plasma adhesion proteins, particularly fibrinogen. We have recently reported a specific binding between fibrinogen and an erythrocyte integrin receptor with a β(3) or β(3)-like subunit. In this study we evaluate the influence of erythrocyte aging on the(More)