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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitor cells representing an attractive therapeutic tool for regenerative medicine. They possess unique immunomodulatory properties, being capable of suppressing T-cell responses and modifying dendritic cell differentiation, maturation, and function, whereas they are not inherently immunogenic, failing to(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells defined by multilineage potential, ease to gene modification, and immunosuppressive ability, thus holding promise for tissue engineering, gene therapy, and immunotherapy. They exhibit a unique in vitro expansion capacity, which, however, does not compensate for the very low percentage in their niches given(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether a combination of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) capable of differentiating into cardiac myocytes and endothelial progenitors (EPCs) that mainly promote neoangiogenesis might be able to facilitate tissue repair in myocardial scars. Previous studies have shown that intracoronary transplantation of autologous bone(More)
PURPOSE CD4(+)CD25(bright) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are increased in patients with several malignancies and correlate with disease stage and prognosis. Breast cancer patients represent a heterogeneous population with unpredictable disease progression even at advanced stages. Circulating Tregs in correlation with HER-2/neu (HER) status and treatment with(More)
Repetitive infusions of ex vivo expanded NK cells induced antitumor T-cell responses in a metastatic lung cancer mouse model. These were further potentiated by Treg depletion. Thus the combination of NK cell-based immunotherapy with other treatment modalities in the direction of adaptive response enhancement might promote long lasting antitumor immunity. NK(More)
Accumulating evidence suggests that despite the potency of cytotoxic anticancer agents, and the great specificity that can be achieved with immunotherapy, neither of these two types of treatment by itself has been sufficient to eradicate the disease. Still, the combination of these two different modalities holds enormous potential for eliciting therapeutic(More)
PURPOSE Active immunotherapy is emerging as a potential therapeutic approach for prostate cancer. We conducted the first phase I trial of an Ii-Key/HER-2/neu(776-790) hybrid peptide vaccine (AE37) with recombinant granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor as adjuvant in patients with HER-2/neu(+) prostate cancer. The primary end points of the study(More)
The use of fetal calf serum (FCS) for the culture of cells to be used in clinical trials raises potential hazards that cannot be neglected, but this is a regulatory issue. However, as specifically regards the isolation and expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), unfortunately serum-free media have not yet been defined. The alternative of using(More)
During the last decade, a large number of tumor-associated antigens (TAA) have been identified, which can be recognized by T cells. This has led to renewed interest in the use of active immunization as a modality for the treatment of cancer. HER-2/neu is a 185-KDa receptor-like glycoprotein that is overexpressed by a variety of tumors including breast,(More)